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West Midlands Health and Planning group

Background
In 2010, West Midlands PCT's and local authorities came together to prepare a joint public health response to the Local Transport Plan 3. Subsequent work with Centro has demonstrated how this response influenced the final Local Transport Plan and associated implementation plan.

In 2011 a wider group prepared a joint response to the National Planning Policy Framework. It was clear that there was a wide range of healthy urban environment work underway across the West Midlands and extensive local experience and learning. Working with the West Midlands Learning for Public Health Network (LfPHWM) a West Midlands Health and Planning group was established.

The objective of the group is to share learning and experience and coordinate joint work across the West Midlands. With the constraints on people’s time and capacity it was felt that the group needed to take a practical approach to sharing best practice and identify opportunities to undertake joint work across specific areas of practice. The underlying model for the work is the Marmot Review objective E – “To create and develop healthy and sustainable places and communities”.

WMHPG news, information and resources 22 February 2019

Sustainable development goals

Protecting people and places in poverty from the risks of a no-deal Brexit: https://www.jrf.org.uk/report/protecting-people-and-places-poverty-risks-no-deal-Brexit? “ briefing and open letter to MPs highlight what the Government can do to protect struggling families if the UK leaves the EU with no agreement.”

These maps show how tricky it is to measure inequality in local areas across England: https://theconversation.com/these-maps-show-how-tricky-it-is-to-measure-inequality-in-local-areas-across-england-109143 “In the UK, people often think about inequality in geographical terms: for example, places such as Kensington in London are considered “rich”, while Blackpool in Lancashire is considered “poor”. In reality there are rich and poor areas almost everywhere, but they are not distributed evenly across England.”

Opinion: Sooner Or Later, We Have To Stop Economic Growth — And We’ll Be Better For It: https://ensia.com/voices/end-economic-growth-economy/ “…The trouble is, a bigger economy uses more stuff than a smaller one, and we happen to live on a finite planet. So, an end to growth is inevitable.”

Healthy planning & environment

Women in Urbanism talks ten ways we can design more inclusive cities: https://idealog.co.nz/urban/2019/02/women-urbanism-talks-ten-ways-we-can-design-more-inclusive-cities “Globally there is a conversation taking place on what cities would look like if equal weighting was given to all of its citizens in the design process.”

Geologists link Surrey earthquakes to oil site as new tremor felt in the area: https://drillordrop.com/2019/02/14/geologists-link-surrey-earthquakes-to-oil-site-as-new-tremor-felt-in-the-area/amp/ “…But a paper by three Edinburgh geologists, released today, concluded: “Our assessment supports the concern that Horse Hill oil exploration triggered the [2018] earthquakes. “We infer that future oil exploration and production close to critically-stressed faults in the Weald is likely to result in similar earthquake events.””

Cities Data Tool: https://www.centreforcities.org/data-tool/#graph=bar&city=show-all Rich source of data for UK cities with tools to map data across a wide range of topic areas

What happens to the natural world if all the insects disappear? https://theconversation.com/what-happens-to-the-natural-world-if-all-the-insects-disappear-111886 “...What is particularly worrying is that we don’t know exactly why populations are declining. Agricultural intensification and pesticides are likely a big part of the problem, but it’s certainly more complicated than that, and habitat loss and climate change could also play a part.”

Housing

National and regional estimates of housing need in Wales: https://lichfields.uk/blog/2019/february/18/national-and-regional-estimates-of-housing-need-in-wales/ “The national “central estimates” indicate a need for 8,300 additional dwellings per annum (dpa) for the first five years of the 20-year period (2018/19 to 2023/24), decreasing to an average of 3,600dpa during the last five years of the period (2033/34 to 2037/38).”

Affordable Housing Commission - The Commission would like to hear from you: https://www.affordablehousingcommission.org/have-your-say “The Commission would like hear your thoughts about the causes and effects of the affordability crisis and what should be done to tackle the issue.”

Hostile environment leaving UK-born children street homeless, finds report: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/hostile-environment-children-street-homeless-home-office-immigration-status-project-17-a8785256.html “Government accused of prioritising immigration control over children’s rights as report shows families forced to sleep in churches, buses and A&E departments due to ‘gatekeeping’ practices”

Climate change & sustainability

Towards a more complete quantification of the global carbon cycle: https://www.biogeosciences.net/16/831/2019/ “The main components of global carbon budget calculations are the emissions from burning fossil fuels, cement production, and net land-use change, partly balanced by ocean CO2 uptake and CO2 increase in the atmosphere… However, a budget with only these terms omits some important additional fluxes that are needed to correctly infer ΔBphys.”

Implications of various effort-sharing approaches for national carbon budgets and emission pathways: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-019-02368-y

Wide coverage of the global climate action school strikes.

And.. some alternative views –

UK homes ‘shockingly unprepared’ for climate change, says CCC: https://www.carbonbrief.org/uk-homes-shockingly-unprepared-for-climate-change-says-ccc “The “shocking fact” is that most of the UK’s near-30m homes are “not in a condition to keep us comfortable and safe and productive in the changing climate”, Baroness Brown, chair of the CCC’s adaptation committee, tells Carbon Brief.” – more here - Ban gas boilers in new homes by 2025, says Committee on Climate Change: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/feb/21/ban-new-gas-boilers-by-2025-says-committee-on-climate-change

White House prepares to scrutinize intelligence agencies’ finding that climate change threatens national security: https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/white-house-readies-panel-to-assess-if-climate-change-poses-a-national-security-threat/2019/02/19/ccc8b29e-3396-11e9-af5b-b51b7ff322e9_story.html “The proposed Presidential Committee on Climate Security, which would be established by executive order, is being spearheaded by William Happer, a National Security Council senior director. Happer, an emeritus professor of physics at Princeton University, has said that carbon emissions linked to climate change should be viewed as an asset rather than a pollutant.”

From the US to the Netherlands, military leaders are speaking up on climate change: https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/climate-change/climate-change-military-security-us-netherlands-hague-global-warming-a8788531.html “Senior military officials said they were preparing for ever more dire security crises as climate change, rising sea levels, and worsening storms impacted their forces, bases and missions. “We see climate change as a security threat, and it’s an important threat,” said James Clayden, a Dutch defence ministry official.”

Climate change will fuel more wars and displacement in the Middle East, experts warn: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/middle-east-climate-change-war-food-water-refugees-jihadis-un-a8786911.html “Food scarcity and water shortages will add to the flood of displaced people, sparking wars and providing opportunities for extremist groups, they said. These developments will mean 7 to 10 million people in the Middle East and North Africa will be forced to leave their ancestral or temporary homes over the next decade, a UN development official predicted.”

Climate Impacts of Cultured Meat and Beef Cattle: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fsufs.2019.00005/full “We conclude that cultured meat is not prima facie climatically superior to cattle; its relative impact instead depends on the availability of decarbonized energy generation and the specific production systems that are realized.”

The Green New Deal Is What Realistic Environmental Policy Looks Like: https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/14/opinion/green-new-deal-ocasio-cortez-.html “Everyone is lining up to endorse the Green New Deal — or to mock it. Kamala Harris, Cory Booker, Bernie Sanders, Elizabeth Warren and Kirsten Gillibrand have all endorsed the resolution sponsored by Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez of New York and Senator Edward Markey of Massachusetts.”

Time to Panic: https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/16/opinion/sunday/fear-panic-climate-change-warming.html#click=https://t.co/EpvzWhfWVa “The planet is getting warmer in catastrophic ways. And fear may be the only thing that saves us.”

Active travel & transport

If you build it, they will drive: Measuring induced demand for vehicle travel in urban areas: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0967070X18301720 “These findings cast doubt on the effectiveness of expanding highways to eliminate traffic congestion, as the speed-related benefits of new capacity tend to be short-lived.”

Essential evidence on a page No.182 - Sustainable Travel Towns: An evaluation of the longer term impacts: https://travelwest.info/project/ee-no-182-sustainable-travel-towns-an-evaluation-of-the-longer-term-impacts “Top line: City-wide sustainable travel interventions in three English towns led to increases in cycling and walking, sustained five year post project, while car use declined.”

Making cities more walkable by understanding how other people influence our journeys: https://theconversation.com/making-cities-more-walkable-by-understanding-how-other-people-influence-our-journeys-111767 “Cities around the world are changing to become more “walkable”. As more and more people move to cities, the benefits of encouraging people to walk are clear. Aside from making the urban environment more pleasant, safer and less polluted, improving a city’s walkability can also ease traffic congestion and improve public health.”

You Can’t Design Bike-Friendly Cities Without Considering Race and Class: https://www.citylab.com/transportation/2019/02/bike-friendly-cities-should-be-designed-everyone/582409/ “…But urban cycling investments tend to focus on the needs of wealthy riders and neglect lower-income residents and people of color.”

Insight: Is the workplace car levy a panacea for urban congestion or a poll tax on wheels? https://www.scotsman.com/news/transport/insight-is-the-workplace-car-levy-a-panacea-for-urban-congestion-or-a-poll-tax-on-wheels-1-4874369/ “Seven years after Nottingham first imposed its workplace car levy, Dani Garavelli assesses what the impact of such a policy might be on Scotland”

Air quality & pollution

UK's city leaders sign up to ambitious clean air plan: https://www.fleetnews.co.uk/news/fleet-industry-news/2019/02/15/uk-s-city-leaders-sign-up-to-ambitious-clean-air-plan “Local authority leaders from around the country have signed up to a wide-ranging plan aimed at significantly cutting air pollution. At the #LoveCleanAir Summit held in London yesterday, attendees discussed their concerns directly with environment secretary Michael Gove and health secretary Matthew Hancock.”

Air purification is catching on – but it may be doing more harm than good: https://theconversation.com/air-purification-is-catching-on-but-it-may-be-doing-more-harm-than-good-111309 “Yet the costs of filtration are possibly larger than they first appear. Most air purifiers use cellulose or polymer membranes that are replaced every month or so, often as part of a regular service contract. The air is pushed through the filters with fans and pumps which use energy, perhaps anywhere between 100 watts (equivalent to a bright lightbulb) and 1000 watts (a microwave), depending on the size of the air cleaner and home.”

Biggest Ever Eu Application To Use Banned Chemical That Kills Hundreds: https://meta.eeb.org/2019/02/13/biggest-ever-eu-application-to-use-banned-chemical-that-kills-hundreds/ “Thousands of firms want EU permission to use the banned cancer-causing chemical that made Erin Brockovich famous and inspired the Hollywood film starring Julia Roberts.”

Food & food security

Emergency Planners Warned Of No-Deal Food Shortage Risks – Just One Month Before Brexit: https://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/entry/government-emergency-planning-no-deal-food-supply_uk_5c66e182e4b033a799422629 “The government has written to groups across the country asking them to prepare for "worst case scenario".”

USDA says filler once known as 'pink slime' can be labeled ground beef: https://www.mnn.com/food/healthy-eating/blogs/usda-says-pink-slime-can-be-labeled-ground-beef “When fat is trimmed away from the bone, some meat is attached to the fat. Those trimmings are sent through a process that uses centrifugal force to separate the fat from the meat. The lean meat is turned into something that looks akin to pink soft serve ice cream — hence the name — and added to some brands of ground beef to add bulk inexpensively.” – USA based – but may be relevant for the UK Post Brexit.

WMHPG news, information and resources 8 February 2019

We do not accept responsibility for the availability, reliability or content of these news items and do not necessarily endorse the views expressed within them.

Sustainable development goals

The data challenges undermining the UN's Sustainable Development Goals: https://www.thenational.ae/business/economy/the-data-challenges-undermining-the-un-s-sustainable-development-goals-1.819622 “After three years of implementation, countries are slowly starting to put policies, plans, and even a few budgets in place to meet this ambition. Yet how can we track progress on the Sustainable Development Goals when about two-thirds of the indicators have no data?”

Can the Sustainable Development Goals Be Measured by Satellite? https://singularityhub.com/2019/01/31/can-progress-toward-the-sustainable-development-goals-be-measured-by-satellite/#sm.00001olcbgkpl6esry4knz5cg3qx9 “In a paper published earlier this month in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a team from Aarhus University in Denmark explored the viability of using satellite data to monitor and measure some SDGs.” – original paper here: Socioecologically informed use of remote sensing data to predict rural household poverty: https://www.pnas.org/content/116/4/1213

‘Wellbeing in every decision’: re-framing ‘health in all policies’: http://publichealthy.co.uk/reiframing-health-in-all-policies “‘Wellbeing in every decision’ still includes the big stuff — after all, we decide what a policy is going to be — but ‘policy’ doesn’t necessarily include small, everyday decisions. I think by selling the idea of wellbeing in every decision, whether that’s a grand 20-year vision or putting some pot plants in an office, we would focus minds and improve accountability of why and how every decision is made.”

An effective custodian of the public’s health: https://www.local.gov.uk/effective-custodian-publics-health “Innovative practice from individual councils shows just what potential there is for public health, if properly resourced, to make inroads into improving health and wellbeing, and to do it efficiently. We have, on a number of areas, delivered better outcomes at less cost than the NHS did when they controlled public health.”

Mind the Gap in SDG Financing: https://blogs.imf.org/2019/01/31/mind-the-gap-in-sdg-financing/ “A new IMF staff study shows that the required scale-up varies widely across countries. For emerging market economies, the average additional annual spending required in 2030 to reach key SDGs stands at 4 percentage points of GDP, compared to 15 percentage points of GDP for the average low-income developing country.”

Bankrupt: a council in crisis and the impact on health and social care: https://www.bmj.com/content/364/bmj.l172 “Northamptonshire county has a plan to stave off insolvency but health leaders are concerned that cuts will slash already rickety support for those in need, finds Richard Vize, as councils across England are increasingly driven towards offering the legal minimum of services”

£8 billion funding black hole by 2025 will swallow up popular council services: https://www.local.gov.uk/about/news/funding-black-hole “Communities may suffer the loss of leisure and cultural facilities, fewer bus services, unkempt parks and green spaces and see fly-tippers go unpunished without government investment in under-pressure council services.”

Law enforcement and public health: recognition and enhancement of joined-up solutions: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(18)32839-3/fulltext#rel6579bef7-5b75-4233-bc6b-5a5dda60726a “This Series paper explores the intersect between law enforcement and public health at the global and local levels and argues that public health is an integral aspect of public safety and security. Recognition of this role of public health is the first step towards encouraging a joined-up approach to dealing with entrenched social, security, and health issues.”

Healthy planning & environment

Field analysis of psychological effects of urban design: a case study in Vancouver: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/23748834.2018.1548257?journalCode=rcah20& “Our findings demonstrate that simple urban design interventions can increase subjective well-being and sociability among city residents. Further, our experiment presents a novel environmental-psychological field methodology for collecting empirical affective and cognitive data on how individuals respond to urban design.”

TCPA - Planning reform: supporting the high street and increasing the delivery of new homes consultation: https://www.tcpa.org.uk/Handlers/Download.ashx?IDMF=634ceab9-98c1-4f0c-a6f7-9ea38059ea0b& “The TCPA is firmly opposed to the further extension of PDR (permitted development) as outlined in this consultation, specifically those proposals allowing for commercial properties to be demolition and rebuilt for residential use, and for additional storeys to be added to buildings to create new homes”

RTPI study highlights the rise of the "austerity planner": https://www.rtpi.org.uk/briefing-room/news-releases/2019/january/rtpi-study-highlights-the-rise-of-the-austerity-planner/ “Under-resourcing, coupled with reforms that have undermined planning’s strategic role, have relegated it to a largely reactive, regulatory function in many local authorities, creating a “box-ticking culture that has closed off the space many planners traditionally used for reflection, professional discretion and proactive planning”, according to the report.”

Event - Improving health in urban communities: https://www.kingsfund.org.uk/events/improving-health-urban-communities “On 6 June, The King’s Fund joins forces with independent health foundation, Guy’s and St Thomas’ Charity, in London for an event exploring the complex and dynamic reality of urban space and how it impacts on our health.”

Fracking firm Cuadrilla says earthquake rules hinder its work: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/feb/06/fracking-firm-cuadrilla-complains-its-work-being-hampered-by-earthquake-rules “The shale gas firm Cuadrilla has said commercial fracking cannot go ahead in the UK unless rules on minor earthquakes are relaxed, after admitting it had only been able to frack a tiny section of its gas well near Blackpool because of seismicity regulations.”

Challenges for health in the Anthropocene epoch: https://www.bmj.com/content/364/bmj.l460 “Safeguarding human health means staying in the “safe operating space” within planetary boundaries. This realisation gave birth to a new interdisciplinary scientific field, planetary health, which conceptualises that human health and natural systems are interdependent. It underscores the urgency of protecting the Earth’s natural “life support” systems when developing strategies for population health.”

Five maps that reveal the world’s remaining wilderness: https://theconversation.com/five-maps-that-reveal-the-worlds-remaining-wilderness-110061 “Researchers from the US and Australia recently produced a global map to illustrate this decline, made by combining data on things such as population density, night-time lights and types of vegetation. The problem with such an approach is that the question of where wilderness begins and ends is not as simple as it may first seem.”

Space invaders: celestial billboards spark debate about who owns the sky: http://www.thisisplace.org/i/?id=f6631d13-8403-4d97-b26b-a11c809c6ee8 “The firm plans to turn hundreds of tiny satellites into a massive display visible from earth - something its CEO, Vlad Sitnikov, said would make him the first man to draw in space since the ancient Greeks grouped stars into constellations.”

Housing

Gov.UK - Homelessness statistics: https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/homelessness-statistics “This collection brings together all documents relating to homelessness and rough sleeping statistics.”

ONS - Taking stock of housing statistics: https://blog.ons.gov.uk/2019/01/29/taking-stock-of-housing-statistics/ “Statisticians across the UK have been working together to help make housing and planning statistics more coherent and comparable. The work is now starting to yield results – including collaboration between statisticians in the devolved administrations and publication of experimental stats on homeless deaths in England and Wales. Debra Prestwood updates on the progress so far.”

Rough-sleeping up 165% over the last decade, figures reveal: https://www.localgov.co.uk/Rough-sleeping-up-165-over-the-last-decade-figures-reveal/46799 “High rents, a ‘faulty’ benefits system, and a lack of social housing has driven the dramatic rise in rough-sleeping since 2010, a homelessness charity has said.”

Home ownership is rising, but the crisis is far from over: https://www.resolutionfoundation.org/media/blog/home-ownership-is-rising-but-the-crisis-is-far-from-over/ “…But the latest data brings news of Christmas cheer: it confirms that young families’ home ownership rates are continuing their first sustained rise in 30 years. Since 2016 they’ve risen from 25 per cent to 28 per cent.”

Overcrowding in social housing in England soars to 24-year high: https://www.theguardian.com/society/2019/jan/31/overcrowding-social-housing-england “Overcrowding in social housing has increased to the highest level since government records began 24 years ago with more than 300,000 households in England squeezed into too few rooms, official figures have revealed.”

Single mother takes government to court after being forced into homelessness due to housing benefit shortfall: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/single-mother-housing-benefit-government-supreme-court-poverty-cpag-shelter-a8754951.html “The woman, known only as Ms Samuels, was treated as intentionally homeless because she refused to use her non-housing benefits, intended to cover other living costs, to cover the £35 weekly gap between her housing benefit and her rent.”

A conceptual analysis of social housing as infrastructure: https://www.ahuri.edu.au/research/final-reports/309 “This study into the role of social housing as essential infrastructure assessed evaluation tools and techniques needed to enable investment by government. Cost-benefit analyses and business case preparation provide a means to quantify productivity, while the broader range of societal outcomes also needs to be considered.”

Climate change & sustainability

WHO - Health, environment and climate change: http://apps.who.int/gb/ebwha/pdf_files/EB144/B144_15-en.pdf “Draft WHO global strategy on health, environment and climate change: the transformation needed to improve lives and well-being sustainably through healthy environments.”

2018 was the fourth-hottest year on record, NASA and NOAA report: https://www.vox.com/2019/2/6/18214188/2018-hottest-year-record-temperature-nasa-noaa “NASA and NOAA released their analysis of the global climate in 2018 on Wednesday, revealing that 2018 was the fourth-hottest year on record. The other four in the top five all happened in the past five years, a reminder that we’ve seen a lot of rapid warming lately. And the planet will warm further, especially since greenhouse gas emissions are continuing to rise.“

Met Office: World has 10% chance of ‘overshooting’ 1.5C within five years: https://www.carbonbrief.org/met-office-world-has-10-per-cent-chance-overshooting-1-point-5-c-within-five-years “There is a one-in-10 chance that global average temperatures could “temporarily exceed” 1.5C above pre-industrial levels in at least one year over the next five years, according to new Met Office analysis.”

Cavity in Antarctica Glacier Is Two-Thirds the Size of Manhattan, Scientists Say: https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/01/climate/thwaites-glacier-antarctica-cavity.html#click=https://t.co/2t7Wd2Uuys “The cavity is about two-thirds the area of Manhattan and nearly 1,000 feet tall, according to a study released Wednesday by NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The hulking chamber is large enough to have contained about 14 billion tons of ice — most of which the researchers say melted in three years.” Original paper here - http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/advances/5/1/eaau3433.full.pdf

Q&A: How is Arctic warming linked to the ‘polar vortex’ and other extreme weather? https://www.carbonbrief.org/qa-how-is-arctic-warming-linked-to-polar-vortext-other-extreme-weather “In this detailed Q&A, Carbon Brief speaks to scientists about the potential connections between Arctic warming and extreme weather across the mid-latitudes, what those theories look like, and how the evidence measures up.”

VIDEO Polar melting: 'Methane time bomb' isn't actually a 'bomb': https://www.yaleclimateconnections.org/2019/01/methane-time-bomb-isnt-actually-a-bomb/ “It’s not news that climate science can be alarming. But in this video, climate scientists explain that one of the scariest ideas in the literature — the methane “time bomb” — turns out to be less worrisome than some have feared. “This is a call to action, not a declaration of defeat,” says scientist Ben Abbott of Brigham Young University.”

Is the World Ready for Climate Change Refugees? https://www.globalhealthnow.org/2019-01/world-ready-climate-change-refugees “...In fact, many island populations fear not only the loss of their homeland forever, but also the loss of their culture and identity, livelihoods and potentially their rights. They are not protected under the Refugee Convention, and will receive none of the legal protections afforded to refugees. According to the UN, refugee status is conferred following persecution or violence; it does not extend to those displaced by climate stress or crises.”

Ponds can absorb more carbon than woodland – here’s how they can fight climate change in your garden: https://theconversation.com/ponds-can-absorb-more-carbon-than-woodland-heres-how-they-can-fight-climate-change-in-your-garden-110652 “...But, globally, ponds may also be important in influencing atmospheric carbon by storing and releasing it, given the intensity of geochemical processes and the sheer number of ponds around the world.”

With $32 Trillion In Assets, Investors Demand Immediate Action On Climate Change: https://www.forbes.com/sites/trevornace/2018/12/11/with-32-trillion-in-assets-investors-demand-immediate-action-on-climate-change/amp/ “A global group of 415 investors managing $32 trillion in assets just released a combined statement urging governments to accelerate their actions to mitigate climate change. The 2018 Global Investor Statement to Governments on Climate Change reiterated their support of the ongoing Paris Agreement discussions taking place during COP24 in Katowice, Poland.”

Teenagers Emerge as a Force in Climate Protests Across Europe: https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/31/world/europe/climate-change-protests-students.html “The climate movement has no obvious leaders or structure, but a 16-year-old Swede, Greta Thunberg, has drawn worldwide attention and inspired many of the protesters. She has called for school strikes to raise awareness of global warming, scolded world political and economic leaders at this month’s gathering in Davos, Switzerland, and even has her own TED Talk.” – see photo under ‘and finally’

Active travel & transport

“Birmingham isn’t a big city at peak times”: How poor public transport explains the UK’s productivity puzzle: https://www.citymetric.com/transport/birmingham-isn-t-big-city-peak-times-how-poor-public-transport-explains-uk-s-productivity “One notable difference between the UK’s large cities and those in similar countries is how little public transport infrastructure they have. While France’s second, third, and fourth cities have eight Metro lines between them (four in Lyon, two each in Marseille and Lille), the UK’s equivalents have none.”

Systems approaches to global and national physical activity plans: https://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/97/2/18-220533.pdf “Physical activity promotion in recent years has increasingly adopted socioecological approaches that place the drivers of physical activity in their social

and environmental context. A systems approach builds on this contextualization by adding the dynamic connections between the factors that collectively form the system, and considering the ways in which actors interact with them.”

Birmingham Bus Survey: https://www.birminghambeheard.org.uk/economy/bus-survey/ “Buses are an important part of our transport network. They can help to reduce congestion and improve air quality. Across the West Midlands, people using buses are generally satisfied with services, but overall people are making fewer bus journeys every year. We want to find out what could be done to encourage people to make more journeys by bus.”

Preston Driver Held 100% to Blame for Hitting Child Pedestrian who Ran Into Road: https://www.beckettandco.co.uk/driver-blamed-child-pedestrian/ A 20mph speed limit in place on the road was a consideration in the decision

Air quality & pollution

Unexpected link between air pollutants from plants and humanmade emissions: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/01/190130161701.htm “Scientists are a step closer to understanding what controls fine particulate matter in the Earth's atmosphere after identifying new linkages between natural contaminants and with humanmade pollutants.”

‘Shocking’ failure to cut emissions from biggest-polluting sector in UK as others improve: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/transport-pollution-greenhouse-gas-emissions-cars-climate-change-global-warming-a8763961.html “Zero progress has been made in reducing climate-harming emissions from the UK’s most polluting sector, according to new government figures. In 2017 levels of greenhouse gases from cars and other forms of transport did not fall at all.”

Living Streets interview: is the drive towards low emissions coming at the expense of pedestrians? https://airqualitynews.com/2019/01/30/living-streets-interview-is-the-drive-towards-low-emissions-coming-at-the-expense-of-pedestrians/ “The charity Living Streets has launched a campaign called ‘Pavements for People‘ which aims to stop clutter including EV charging infrastructure being installed on pavements. They believe the mobility needs of pedestrians have been forgotten in the drive towards electric vehicles, and would like to see guidance on where they can be put.”

Why charging zones will damage businesses while delivering limited air quality improvements: https://airqualitynews.com/2019/01/30/why-charging-zones-will-damage-businesses-while-delivering-limited-air-quality-improvements/ “As the logistics sector moves towards a cleaner future, Rebecca Kite, environment policy manager at the Freight Transport Association (FTA), says the sector needs more support from Government to maximise environmental gains while minimising economic loss as towns and cities introduce new air quality schemes.”

Plastic pollution affecting wildlife at an all-time high, finds RSPCA: http://www.climateaction.org/news/plastic-pollution-affecting-wildlife-at-an-all-time-high-finds-rspca “A new study, facilitated by the RSPCA, has found that plastic pollution is having a detrimental effect on wildlife. Based on RSPCA figures released today, the number of animals affected by plastic pollution is at an all-time high. In the West Midlands, incidents have increased by 28 per cent in four years.”

Eu Moves To Ban Microplastics In Most Products: https://meta.eeb.org/2019/01/30/eu-moves-to-ban-microplastics-in-most-products/ “The EU will use its powerful chemical laws to stop most microplastics and microbeads being added to cosmetics, paints, detergents, some farm, medical and other products, according to a draft law due to be tabled today.”

Watchdog Group Uses GPS Trackers to Discover Illegal Electronic Waste Exports from Europe to Africa and Asia: http://www.ban.org/news/2019/2/6/gps-trackers-discover-illegal-e-waste-exports-to-africa-and-asia “The global environmental watchdog organization Basel Action Network (BAN) today released the findings of a two-year study in 10 EU countries that followed 314 old computers, printers, and monitors in which GPS Trackers had been secretly installed. This equipment was then delivered to places where consumers are expected to take their waste -- most often government-approved takeback stations. They found that 19 (6%) of the tracked scrap equipment was exported, including 11 very likely illegal shipments to the countries of Ghana, Hong Kong, Nigeria, Pakistan, Tanzania, Thailand, and Ukraine, outside of the EU.”

Food & food security

Four steps to food security for swelling cities: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-00407-3 “Combine pockets of rural land, reduce food waste, improve farming and encourage urbanites to eat less meat, urge Baojing Gu and colleagues.”

No-deal Brexit 'to leave shelves empty' warn retailers: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-47028748 “A no-deal Brexit threatens the UK's food security and will lead to higher prices and empty shelves in the short-term, retailers are warning.”

Fast food giants under fire on climate and water usage: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-47029485 “A coalition of investors is calling on McDonald's, KFC, and other fast food suppliers to take swift action on climate change. The group, with around $6.5 trillion under management, want the chains to cut carbon and water risks in their dairy and meat suppliers.”

WMHPG news, information and resources 1 February 2019

We do not accept responsibility for the availability, reliability or content of these news items and do not necessarily endorse the views expressed within them.

Sustainable development goals

A Healthier Humanity: The WHO investment Case for 2019-2023: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/274710/WHO-DGO-CRM-18.2-eng.pdf “This investment case charts a path to the SDG health targets by focusing everything we do around our “triple billion”  targets: one billion more people benefiting from universal health coverage; one billion more people better protected from health emergencies; and one billion more people enjoying better health and well-being.”

Deprived northern regions worst hit by UK austerity, study finds: https://www.theguardian.com/society/2019/jan/28/deprived-northern-regions-worst-hit-by-uk-austerity-study-finds “The Centre for Cities thinktank study shows that the poorest areas have borne the brunt of council spending cuts. Local authority spending has fallen nationally by half since 2010, with areas such as Liverpool, Blackburn and Barnsley facing average cuts twice that of their counterparts in the more affluent south, according to the thinktank.” – Original report here: https://www.centreforcities.org/

Healthy planning & environment

TCPA – Re-Uniting Health and Planning 5 years on – The State of the Union: reuniting health with planning in promoting healthy communities: https://www.tcpa.org.uk/Handlers/Download.ashx?IDMF=cb4a5270-475e-42d3-bc72-d912563d4084 “This publication provides a picture of the effectiveness

of the collaboration between the planning, public health and healthcare sectors as we enter 2019. It is based on the TCPA’s extensive experience of working across most parts of the UK, notably in England and Wales. It includes insights gathered from events held in 2018 in five English council areas, and in Wales with the Wales Health Impact Assessment Support Unit and Public Health Wales.”

Event - People, Place and Policy 2019: Social and Spatial Inequalities: https://extra.shu.ac.uk/ppp-online/event/people-place-and-policy-2019-social-and-spatial-inequalities/# “For the fifth PPP Social and Spatial Inequalities Conference we therefore invite contributions that interrogate our understanding of autonomy and its interaction with social and spatial inequalities.”

LAND VALUE TAXATION IN SCOTLAND: PANACEA OR POLICY PROBLEM? http://housingevidence.ac.uk/land-value-taxation-in-scotland-panacea-or-policy-problem/ “A land value tax is commonly promoted as a way of addressing the UK’s housing challenges. In this blog, guest author, Dr Edward Shepherd draws on a recent report by the University of Reading, which identifies the issues with implementing a land value tax in Scotland.”

We’re conservation scientists – here’s why we haven’t lost hope for the future: https://theconversation.com/were-conservation-scientists-heres-why-we-havent-lost-hope-for-the-future-110155 “...But we are optimistic that things can improve. Though biodiversity in Europe is still declining, three major trends give us hope for our home continent.”

Responding to environmental breakdown: https://www.ippr.org/responding-to-environmental-breakdown/ “IPPR is undertaking a major research programme to understand the implications of environmental breakdown for policy and politics. We are seeking to develop the narratives and policy needed to manage risk in this new era, protect societies from disruption caused by environmental breakdown, and enable future generations to flourish.”

Climate change pushing eels in Europe towards extinction, study shows: https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/eels-climate-change-extinction-endangered-species-fish-global-warming-a8753166.html “Climate change is likely to push Europe’s critically endangered eels even closer to extinction, a new study have revealed. Populations have been in freefall for decades due to a combination of overfishing, pollution and dams being constructed along rivers, blocking their traditional migration routes.”

Endangered British birds to be killed under permits – here’s how that could fuel an illegal pan-European trade: https://theconversation.com/endangered-british-birds-to-be-killed-under-permits-heres-how-that-could-fuel-an-illegal-pan-european-trade-110310 “The birds at risk throughout England and Wales include species whose numbers are threatened in the UK, according to the RSPB (Royal Society for the Protection of Birds). Bullfinches, meadow pipits and oystercatchers are all included in the permits and are amber-listed for intermediate conservation priority. Another species, the skylark, will be subject to licensed killing despite the RSPB red-listing it as a critical conservation priority for the UK.”

Cod stocks on course to crash if ocean warming continues: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/jan/25/cod-stocks-on-course-to-crash-if-ocean-warming-continues “The North Atlantic cod stock in the Barents Sea is likely to first rise and then crash, possibly to almost zero before the end of the century if climate change isn’t addressed, says the scientific paper, published by the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme.”

Japan to resume commercial whaling one day after leaving the IWC: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jan/25/japan-to-resume-commercial-whaling-one-day-after-leaving-the-iwc “Japan will resume commercial whaling for the first time in three decades immediately after it leaves the body responsible for protecting global whale populations.”

Housing

Morbidity and mortality in homeless individuals, prisoners, sex workers, and individuals with substance use disorders in high-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis:  https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(17)31869-X/fulltext#%20 “Our study shows that homeless populations, individuals with substance use disorders, sex workers, and imprisoned individuals experience extreme health inequities across a wide range of health conditions, with the relative effect of exclusion being greater in female individuals than male individuals.”

How renting could affect your health: https://theconversation.com/how-renting-could-affect-your-health-110334 “Our homes play a number of vital roles in our lives. They are where we rest, spend time with friends and family, and can be most ourselves. Given this central role it is not surprising that researchers have found a number of important relationships between the homes we live in and our health.”

Climate change & sustainability

Differences in the impact of heat waves according to urban and peri-urban factors in Madrid: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00484-019-01670-9 “Demographic structure and the percentage of old housing play a key role in modulating the impact of heat waves. This study concludes that the areas in which heat acts earliest are those having a higher degree of population ageing.”

Westminster Energy Forum – Next steps for the renewable energy industry in the UK: The case of solar: https://jeremyleggett.net/2019/01/21/westminster-energy-forum-next-steps-for-the-renewable-energy-industry-in-the-uk-the-case-of-solar/ “The global solar market today is a success story redolent with potential to inspire progress on wider fronts in the battle for a livable future. The UK story is incongruent with this global picture. Why? What needs to be done to set things right? At the Westminster Energy, Environment and Transport Forum this morning I offer my top three suggestions for what needs to change.”

Statement In Response To Launch Of NHS England’s Long Term Plan: http://www.ukhealthalliance.org/statement-response-launch-nhs-englands-long-term-plan/ “The UK Health Alliance on Climate change welcomes the plans outlined in today’s long term plan for NHS England, placing emphases on preventative and community healthcare to reduce the burden on our hospitals. “With climate change and air pollution presenting enormous challenges to healthcare, both here and globally, we are also particularly pleased to see a renewed commitment by NHS England to acting on air pollution.””

Rebooting The UK’s Green New Deal: https://neweconomics.org/2019/01/a-green-new-deal-for-the-uk “With the UK not just staring down the political sinkhole of Brexit but reeling from a decade of austerity, it feels like high time for a rejuvenation of our very own Green New Deal.”

Why we’re looking for chemicals in the seabed to help predict climate change: https://theconversation.com/why-were-looking-for-chemicals-in-the-seabed-to-help-predict-climate-change-110452 “...But now scientists have proposed that they may also be able to learn how these systems were affected by climate change long ago by digging deep into the seabed to find the sedimentary record of past trace elements. And understanding the past could be key to working out what will happen in the future.”

Climate Change High on Agenda at Davos Summit Despite Privileged Access For Fossil Fuel Industry: https://www.desmog.co.uk/2019/01/17/climate-change-high-agenda-davos-summit-despite-privileged-access-fossil-fuel-industry “...But the fossil fuel industry continues to be a guest of honour at the meeting, with some of the world’s largest oil, gas and mining companies having a say in shaping the forum’s agenda and sitting on the conference’s front bench as “strategic partners”.”

GONE IN A GENERATION: Across America, climate change is already disrupting lives: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2019/national/gone-in-a-generation/?utm_term=.ecf5ccb724f3 “The continental United States is 1.8 degrees Fahrenheit warmer than it was a century ago. Seas at the coasts are nine inches higher. The damage is mounting from these fundamental changes, and Americans are living it. These are their stories.”

Military buildup in Arctic as melting ice reopens northern borders: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jan/24/military-buildup-in-arctic-as-melting-ice-reopens-northern-borders “As ice melts and shipping lanes open up, geopolitical tensions are growing and old cold war bases are being reopened”

Fundamental flaw in Press watchdog’s complaints process helps newspapers to promote climate change denial: http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/news/fundamental-flaw-in-press-watchdogs-complaints-process-helps-newspapers-to-promote-climate-change-denial/ “The Independent Press Standards Organisation has today published details of a decision that exposes a fundamental flaw in its process for dealing with complaints about fake news articles about climate change.”

Active travel & transport

Neighbourhood walkability and the incidence of diabetes: an inverse probability of treatment weighting analysis: https://jech.bmj.com/content/early/2019/01/28/jech-2018-210510 “Younger adults living in high-walkability neighbourhoods had a lower 10-year incidence of diabetes than similarly aged adults living in low-walkability neighbourhoods. Urban designs that support walking may have important benefits for diabetes prevention.”

Global status report on road safety 2018: https://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/road_safety_status/2018/en/?mc_cid=00a14af008&mc_eid=f209095101 “The Global status report on road safety 2018, launched by WHO in December 2018, highlights that the number of annual road traffic deaths has reached 1.35 million. Road traffic injuries are now the leading killer of people aged 5-29 years. The burden is disproportionately borne by pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists, in particular those living in developing countries.”

£3.50 an hour EV car-sharing scheme goes live in Solihull: https://airqualitynews.com/2019/01/28/3-50-an-hour-ev-car-sharing-scheme-goes-live-in-solihull/ “A €3.8m pan-European project which aims to improve access to electric vehicles (EVs) through an affordable car-sharing scheme, successfully launched its first demonstration site in Solihull in December 2018.”

Uber has introduced a levy to fund electric vehicles in London. But who exactly is benefiting? https://www.citymetric.com/transport/uber-has-introduced-levy-fund-electric-vehicles-london-who-exactly-benefiting-4430?mc_cid=8db0ec033f&mc_eid=330863fa78 “Uber is introducing a levy of 15p per mile on London users to help fund a transition to electric vehicles and help tackle air pollution. Its goal is to encourage half its drivers to go electric by 2021 and to go fully electric by 2025.”

A couple of articles from Australia on the economics of walking.

  • Podcast - One step ahead: the economics of walking:  https://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/themoney/walking/10521494 “...more walkable a city is, the more knowledge-based business locate there.  The more walkable a country is, the more it saves on healthcare costs. We’re talking billions.  But there is this thing called the car.”
  • The economic case for walking: http://www.victoriawalks.org.au/Economics-of-Walking “Victoria Walks asked global consultancy firm Arup to look at the economic case for investment in walking, to help us understand why walking seems to fall through the cracks of government decision making and investment.”

Air quality & pollution

Exploration of NO2 and PM2.5 air pollution and mental health problems using high-resolution data in London-based children from a UK longitudinal cohort study: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S016517811830800X “This study demonstrates the potential utility of incorporating high-resolution pollution estimates into large epidemiological cohorts to robustly investigate associations between air pollution and youth mental health.”

Air pollution may be affecting how happy you are: https://theconversation.com/air-pollution-may-be-affecting-how-happy-you-are-110470 “...But while many people will die and many more will acquire a chronic health condition, focusing on objective indicators such as these may still understate the true welfare cost. This is because there is now good evidence of a direct link between air quality and overall mental health and happiness.”

Report: Air Pollution Puts Cruise Passengers at Risk: https://www.maritime-executive.com/article/report-air-pollution-puts-cruise-passengers-at-risk “An investigative report by Dr. Ryan Kennedy of the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health claims that air quality on four Carnival Corporation ships can be worse than some of the world’s most polluted cities including Beijing and Santiago.” – original report here: https://www.stand.earth/sites/default/files/2019-an-investigation-of-air-pollution-on-the-decks-of-4-cruise-ships.pdf

Attorney General Gives Permission For New Inquest Into Death Of Ella Kissi-Debrah: http://www.ukhealthalliance.org/attorney-general-gives-permission-new-inquest-death-ella-roberta-kissi-debra/ “The family of nine-year-old Ella Roberta Kissi-Debrah, whose death has been linked to unlawful levels of air pollution, has been given permission by the Attorney General to apply for a fresh inquest.”

Bali plans tourist tax to tackle plastic pollution: https://www.theguardian.com/travel/2019/jan/25/bali-plans-tourist-tax-to-tackle-plastic-pollution “The Indonesian island has already banned plastic bags and straws, and now plans a $10 tourist tax to help clean up its beaches”

Worse than plastic waste: the burning tyres choking India: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/jan/30/worse-than-plastic-burning-tyres-india-george-monbiot “The British government is already flouting its own rules, allowing scrap tyres to be sent abroad for burning – what will happen post-Brexit?”

Food & food security

Food production shocks across land and sea: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41893-018-0210-1 “We illustrate how social and ecological drivers, influenced by the dynamics of the food system, can spill over multiple food sectors and create synchronous challenges or trade-offs among terrestrial and aquatic systems. In a more shock-prone and interconnected world, bold food policy and social protection mechanisms that help people anticipate, cope with and recover from losses will be central to sustainability.”

Any ‘planetary diet’ must also work for the poorest and most vulnerable: https://theconversation.com/any-planetary-diet-must-also-work-for-the-poorest-and-most-vulnerable-110410 “While there is little doubt that eating less red meat is good for your health, it is also important to recognise that for the poorest in society, meat and dairy products represent affordable sources of both calories and a range of micronutrients.”

WMHPG news, information and resources 25 January 2019

We do not accept responsibility for the availability, reliability or content of these news items and do not necessarily endorse the views expressed within them.

Sustainable development goals

We’re phoning it in on sustainability. It’s time for a worldwide wake-up call: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/01/we-re-phoning-it-in-on-sustainability-it-s-time-for-a-wake-up-call/ “We’re already seeing the results of our actions (and inaction): catastrophic storms, forest fires and other outbreaks of extreme weather; oxygen-free dead zones in our oceans; an atmosphere in which 9 out of 10 people worldwide are breathing unsafe air; and unprecedented levels of plastic pollution.”

Hatch to make games supporting the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals: https://www.gamesindustry.biz/articles/2019-01-22-hatch-to-make-games-supporting-the-united-nations-sustainable-development-goals “Hatch has agreed with the UNESCO Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development (MGIEP) to publish games developed or approved by the Institute that support the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).”

New National Report examines how Brexit may affect health and well-being of people across Wales: https://whiasu.publichealthnetwork.cymru/en/news/new-national-report-examines-how-brexit-may-affect-health-and-well-being-people-across-wales/ “Published today by Public Health Wales, the Health Impact Assessment of Brexit examines the potential effects of Brexit on the short, medium and long-term health of people living in Wales. It highlights how the physical and mental health of the poorest, those with lower educational qualifications, those employed in agricultural and manufacturing sectors exposed to Brexit and those requiring health and social care must be key considerations as preparations for Brexit develop and also continue to be addressed following any final agreements.”

Employment may be at an all time high in the UK, but austerity, low pay and zero hours contracts inflict misery on millions: https://theconversation.com/employment-may-be-at-an-all-time-high-in-the-uk-but-austerity-low-pay-and-zero-hours-contracts-inflict-misery-on-millions-110252 “...This government narrative betrays the reality behind its statements about record employment. For many towns across the UK, high levels of unemployment are directly linked to Conservative austerity policies. Places such as Dundee, Middlesbrough, Preston and Swansea are not experiencing the benefits that might be expected under record high employment.”

Why is Matt Hancock actively ruling out minimum unit pricing for alcohol? https://blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2019/01/11/why-is-matt-hancock-actively-ruling-out-minimum-unit-pricing-for-alcohol/ “Research shows that MUP does not “punish” moderate drinkers and is an effective measure to discourage excessive drinking”

Healthy planning & environment

Urban rooms: where people get to design their city’s future: https://theconversation.com/urban-rooms-where-people-get-to-design-their-citys-future-109077 “An urban room can act as an exhibition hall, a community centre and a learning space, while giving people opportunities to help redesign and reimagine their city’s future. Urban rooms are already commonplace in countries such as China and Singapore, in the form of urban planning museums, city galleries or exhibition centres.”

Planned up and be counted: https://lichfields.uk/media/4862/planned-up-and-be-counted_local-plan-making-under-the-nppf-2012.pdf “Our sixth annual review of Local Plan production under the original National Planning Policy Framework 2012 (NPPF 2012) shows that only half of Local Planning authorities have put in place a Local Plan under its auspices.”

Evaluation of a municipality’s free play preschool and space: https://citieshealth.world/evaluation-municipalitys-free-play-preschool-space/ “We share lessons from each of the four parts of the project, which involved different data collection methods and multiple participants. We reflect on the successes and challenges associated with the community-engaged approach and the possibilities the findings might hold for creating more child friendly communities and cities.”

Housing

Ministers urged to halt right-to-buy scheme: https://www.theguardian.com/society/2019/jan/19/ministers-urged-halt-right-buy-council-homes-rented “Ministers are facing calls to shelve Margaret Thatcher’s totemic right-to-buy scheme after a devastating analysis revealed that more than 40% of council houses sold under its terms in London are now privately rented.”

Study finds elevated levels of stress hormone linked to housing type and tenure: http://bristol.ac.uk/news/2019/january/housing-and-health.html “A new study examining UK housing data and health outcomes has indicated a link between people living in the private rental sector having higher levels of a stress hormone.”

Climate change & sustainability

There have been a number of articles discussing ‘tipping points’ in climate change;

  • Climate change’s impact on soil moisture could push land past ‘tipping point’: https://www.carbonbrief.org/climate-changes-impact-on-soil-moisture-could-push-land-past-tipping-point “The impact of climate change on soil moisture could push the land past a “tipping point” – turning it from a net carbon “sink” to a source of CO2, a study finds.”
  • 'Tipping point' risk for Arctic hotspot: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-46976040 “The Barents Sea is said to be at a tipping point, changing from an Arctic climate to an Atlantic climate as the water gets warmer. A conference in Norway heard that the Kara Sea and the Laptev Sea – both further to the east - are likely to become the new Arctic frontier.”
  • Glaciers in the Americas Are Melting Faster: https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/glaciers-in-the-americas-are-melting-faster “New research suggests that ice loss in the southern Coast Mountains of British Columbia is happening at nearly five times the rate it was in the early 2000s. Overall, glaciers in western North America—not including Alaska—have lost about 117 billion tons of ice since 2000; they are currently losing about 12 billion tons a year.”
  • As Climate Warms, Plants Will Absorb Less CO₂, Study Finds: https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/23/climate/plants-co2-climate-change.html “But in a study published Wednesday in the journal Nature, researchers found that under a warming climate, rather than absorbing more greenhouse gas emissions, plants and soil may start absorbing less, accelerating the rate of change.”

Four decades of Antarctic Ice Sheet mass balance from 1979–2017: https://www.pnas.org/content/116/4/1095.short “We evaluate the state of the mass balance of the Antarctic Ice Sheet over the last four decades using a comprehensive, precise satellite record and output products from a regional atmospheric climate model to document its impact on sea-level rise. The mass loss is dominated by enhanced glacier flow in areas closest to warm, salty, subsurface circumpolar deep water, including East Antarctica, which has been a major contributor over the entire period.”

UK has biggest fossil fuel subsidies in the EU, finds commission: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/jan/23/uk-has-biggest-fossil-fuel-subsidies-in-the-eu-finds-commission “The UK leads the European Union in giving subsidies to fossil fuels, according to a report from the European commission. It found €12bn (£10.5bn) a year in support for fossil fuels in the UK, significantly more than the €8.3bn spent on renewable energy.”

Active travel & transport

Essential evidence on a page No 180: Insights on disruption as opportunities for transport policy change: https://travelwest.info/project/ee-no-180-insights-on-disruption-as-opportunities-for-transport-policy-change “Top line: The population may be far more adaptable to major change than the policy process currently assumes. People adapt to transport and non-transport policy measures in ways which go beyond retiming and rerouting options that transport planners work with.”

Government will miss its cycling target by a mile. It's time to invest: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/bike-blog/2019/jan/23/government-miss-cycling-targets-by-mile-time-invest “Three walking and cycling charities told the committee that, of three targets set as part of the Cycling and Walking Investment Strategy (CWIS) in 2015, only the goal that people will walk 300 times each a year is certain to be met. The third target, for 55% of children aged three to 10 to walk to school, also looks increasingly out of reach; last year the number doing so dropped two percentage points to 51%.”

Self-driving cars: why we can’t expect them to be ‘moral’: https://theconversation.com/self-driving-cars-why-we-cant-expect-them-to-be-moral-108299 “Ever since companies began developing self-driving cars, people have asked how designers will address the moral question of who a self-driving car should kill if a fatal crash is unavoidable. Recent research suggests this question may be even more difficult for car makers to answer than previously thought because the moral preferences people have vary so much between countries.

Are school‐based physical activity interventions effective and equitable? A meta‐analysis of cluster randomized controlled trials with accelerometer‐assessed activity: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/obr.12823 “This review provides the strongest evidence to date that current school‐based efforts do not positively impact young people's physical activity across the full day, with no difference in effect across gender and SEP. Further assessment and maximization of implementation fidelity is required before it can be concluded that these interventions have no contribution to make.” – summary here - Physical activity programmes in schools aren’t working – here’s why: https://theconversation.com/physical-activity-programmes-in-schools-arent-working-heres-why-109684

Lack of exercise costs £37 million a year: https://www.dudleynews.co.uk/news/17374182.lack-of-exercise-costs-37-million-a-year/ “OBESITY and lack of exercise costs the Black Country £37 million a year, Dudley councillors will hear this week. The price of overeating and lack of physical activity is highlighted in a report which shows the borough has above average rates for both adults and children nationally, and one of the highest for youngsters in the West Midlands.”

Air quality & pollution

NHS pledges to cut particulate pollution from fleet under new 10-year plan: https://www.businessgreen.com/bg/news/3068907/nhs-pledges-to-cut-particulate-pollution-under-new-10-year-plan “The NHS has committed to cut levels of air pollution produced by its fleet of ambulances and other vehicles by 20 per cent by 2024, as part of an effort to reduce the impact poor air quality…”

Bacteria live in China’s thick smogs and may be making it even worse: https://www.newscientist.com/article/2190455-bacteria-live-in-chinas-thick-smogs-and-may-be-making-it-even-worse/ “Bacteria are feeding and multiplying in the severe smogs that regularly blanket Chinese cities. The microorganisms could pose a threat in themselves and may also change the composition of the haze.”

Shocking images reveal what London and other major cities would look like if pollution was visible: https://www.standard.co.uk/news/world/shocking-images-show-what-major-cities-would-look-like-if-all-pollution-was-visible-a4042846.html “Using data from 2018, the photos show what it would look like if humans could see hazardous chemicals produced by vehicle exhausts once the initial plume of smoke has disappeared.”

Pioneering scheme teaching Birmingham’s children about air pollution: https://airqualitynews.com/2019/01/16/pioneering-scheme-teaching-birminghams-children-learning-about-air-pollution/ “The programme involves the local authority supporting its primary schools across the city with ‘Clean Air Cops’ classroom resource packs and unique parental engagement books to help tackle air pollution.”

Food & food security

National Diet and Nutrition Survey: time trend and income analyses for Years 1 to 9: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/ndns-time-trend-and-income-analyses-for-years-1-to-9 “National Diet and Nutrition Survey results from 2008 to 2017 assessing time and income trends for diet, nutrient intake and nutritional status for the UK”

Comparison of individuals with low versus high consumption of home-prepared food in a group with universally high dietary quality: a cross-sectional analysis of the UK National Diet & Nutrition Survey (2008–2016): https://ijbnpa.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12966-019-0768-7 “Conclusion: Home food preparation should not be presented as a prerequisite to a high quality diet. The public health community should recognise the existence of a set of food practices which allows individuals to achieve a healthy diet with little contribution from home-prepared food, and make space for it in the design of their policies and interventions.”

The Eat-Lancet Commission report: my favourite eight take-aways: https://www.thersa.org/discover/publications-and-articles/rsa-blogs/2019/01/the-eat-lancet-commission-report-my-favourite-eight-take-aways “The Eat-Lancet Commission report published this week has drawn comments from all parts of the food and farming sector, one or two of which may have benefited from a quick read first, before committing to Twitter.”

“We’re Fed Up!” Thousands March For Fairer Food System: https://metamag.org/2019/01/24/thousands-march-for-fairer-food-system/ “35,000 people — and 171 tractors — marched in Berlin last weekend for a transformation of the food and farming system. Under the slogan “we’re fed up”, demonstrators called for an end to the industrialisation of agriculture and for better food, fair prices and more protection for nature.”

US agribusiness lobby calls on Trump to target UK food and environment rules in Brexit trade deal: https://unearthed.greenpeace.org/2019/01/18/us-agribusiness-lobby-calls-on-trump-to-target-uk-food-and-environment-rules-in-brexit-trade-deal/ “American agriculture interests have flooded the US government’s trade agency with demands to pressure the UK into slashing food standards after Brexit, official documents show.”

WMHPG news, information and resources 18 January 2019

We do not accept responsibility for the availability, reliability or content of these news items and do not necessarily endorse the views expressed within them.

Sustainable development goals

Top 10 SDG Knowledge Hub Stories in 2018: http://sdg.iisd.org/commentary/policy-briefs/top-10-sdg-knowledge-hub-stories-in-2018/ “This end-of-the-year review of the ten most read news posts and policy briefs offers a high-level overview of the issues that our readers are particularly interested in.”

Why the ocean holds the key to sustainable development: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/01/the-oceans-hold-the-key-to-sustainable-development/ “To reach the SDGs we will have to produce more from the oceans. We need the oceans to provide more food, more jobs and more energy. And we must maintain its capacity to regulate the climate and support biodiversity.”

Why have increases in life expectancy slowed down in England? https://publichealthmatters.blog.gov.uk/2018/12/11/why-have-increases-in-life-expectancy-slowed-down-in-england/ “To understand what is happening, PHE were commissioned by the Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC) to undertake a review of trends in life expectancy and mortality in England, with a particular focus on the number of deaths in some recent winters and the slowdown in mortality improvement. This review has now been released.”

Health inequalities in England: A complex case of sticking plasters and category errors: https://ijsrm.org/2018/12/29/health-inequalities-in-england-a-complex-case-of-sticking-plasters-and-category-errors/amp “In this blog post I will briefly develop three interrelated strands of analysis – political economy, policy, and methodology – that I argue are central to understanding and reducing health inequalities.”

Why Universal Credit is like the Victorian workhouse: https://theconversation.com/why-universal-credit-is-like-the-victorian-workhouse-106720 “While the lessons of history are sometimes rather hard to discern, in this case there is a clear precedent that supports those calling for Universal Credit to be paused, or even scrapped: the Victorian workhouse.”

Healthy planning & environment

Green Brexit plans thrown into turmoil as government deal endures crushing defeat: https://www.businessgreen.com/bg/news/3069390/green-brexit-plans-thrown-into-turmoil-as-government-deal-endures-crushing-defeat “The government's Brexit plans, including its commitment to secure a Green Brexit, were thrown into chaos this evening after Theresa May's controversial deal faced an historic defeat in the House of Commons.”

Minister rejects fracking firm’s call to weaken earthquake rules: https://unearthed.greenpeace.org/2019/01/13/claire-perry-cuadrilla-fracking-earthquake-regulations/ “The UK’s energy minister has strongly reaffirmed the government’s commitment to the seismic activity standards that have frustrated attempts to frack for shale gas, according to a letter obtained by Unearthed via freedom of information.”

Insect collapse: ‘We are destroying our life support systems’: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/jan/15/insect-collapse-we-are-destroying-our-life-support-systems “The Puerto Rico work is one of just a handful of studies assessing this vital issue, but those that do exist are deeply worrying. Flying insect numbers in Germany’s natural reserves have plunged 75% in just 25 years. The virtual disappearance of birds in an Australian eucalyptus forest was blamed on a lack of insects caused by drought and heat. Lister and his colleague Andrés García also found that insect numbers in a dry forest in Mexico had fallen 80% since the 1980s.”

Palm oil is destroying rainforests. But try going a day without it.: https://relay.nationalgeographic.com/proxy/distribution/public/amp/environment/2018/12/palm-oil-destroying-rainforests-household-items “To see just how ubiquitous palm oil had become in our lives, I decided to track my every encounter with it throughout the day.”

Housing

Building for our future: A vision for social housing: https://england.shelter.org.uk/support_us/campaigns/a_vision_for_social_housing “Our commission recommends a historic renewal of social housing, with a 20-year programme to deliver 3.1 million more social homes. This will allow the benefits of social housing to be offered much more widely – providing both security for those in need and a step up for young families trying to get on and save for their future.”

  • JRF response to Shelter’s Social Housing Commission report: https://www.jrf.org.uk/press/jrf-response-shelters-social-housing-commission-report ““Today’s Social Housing Commission report serves to remind us of how much further we need to go if we are to right the wrong of high housing costs pushing families into poverty. The Prime Minister was right to make fixing the housing market her personal mission. This year, she must deliver on this promise.”
  • National Housing Federation - Response to Shelter’s social housing commission report: https://www.housing.org.uk/press/press-releases/shelter-social-housing-commission-report/ “This is a landmark report from Shelter, and we are encouraged by the overwhelming public support for social housing they have uncovered. The report adds to the growing consensus that social housing needs a long-term programme of investment. “The commission is right to recognise that social housing is a crucial national asset, and we need to properly invest in it. As the report points out, this is a wise investment that will more than pay for itself in the long-term.”
  • The Guardian view on social housing: we need a cultural shift: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/jan/13/the-guardian-view-on-social-housing-we-need-a-cultural-shift “The failure to provide adequate public sector rented housing in England is acknowledged across party lines as a catastrophe. A commission has put forward practical proposals”

Climate change & sustainability

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews – Editor’s Selection: https://www.journals.elsevier.com/renewable-and-sustainable-energy-reviews/article-selections/editors-selection “Dr Aoife Foley, Editor-in-Chief of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews is pleased to present the following selection of articles highlighting some of the most interesting and relevant critical thinking in renewable and sustainable energy.”

2018’s Top 10 climate papers: https://www.carbonbrief.org/analysis-climate-papers-most-featured-in-media-2018 “Using Altmetric data for 2018, Carbon Brief has compiled its annual list of the 25 most talked-about climate change-related papers of the year. The infographic above shows which ones made it into the Top 10.”

How fast are the oceans warming? http://science.sciencemag.org/content/363/6423/128 “Climate change from human activities mainly results from the energy imbalance in Earth's climate system caused by rising concentrations of heat-trapping gases. About 93% of the energy imbalance accumulates in the ocean as increased ocean heat content (OHC).”

Britain has shifted 30% of its electricity away from fossil fuels in just nine years: https://theconversation.com/britain-has-shifted-30-of-its-electricity-away-from-fossil-fuels-in-just-nine-years-108969 “Our own analysis below looks at the past year, using similar data for Great Britain (as Northern Ireland has a separate power system), and we include net imports from France, the Netherlands and Ireland as an overall part of electrical generation.”

Hitachi 'more likely to put Wylfa Newydd on hold': https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-wales-46863802 “The company behind the Wylfa Newydd nuclear power plant is more likely to put it on hold rather than scrap it completely, an economic adviser claims. Hitachi is expected to announce this week that it will suspend all work on the £20bn plant on Anglesey.”

Putting a price on CO2 is a smokescreen that hides its human cost: https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg24032061-300-putting-a-price-on-co2-is-a-smokescreen-that-hides-its-human-cost/ “Few people would agree that a price could be put on our planet, but that is the idea behind this “social cost of carbon”. Such hubris is the preserve of a select group in industrialised countries, who put a dollar value on the devastation that a strengthened hurricane wreaks …”

How the fossil fuel industry got the media to think climate change was debatable: https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/2019/01/10/how-fossil-fuel-industry-got-media-think-climate-change-was-debatable/?utm_term=.18e4299887d5 “Late last year, the Trump administration released the latest national climate assessment on Black Friday in what many assumed was an attempt to bury the document. If that was the plan, it backfired, and the assessment wound up earning more coverage than it probably would have otherwise. But much of that coverage perpetuated a decades-old practice, one that has been weaponized by the fossil fuel industry: false equivalence.”

The environmental impact of music: digital, records, CDs analysed: https://theconversation.com/the-environmental-impact-of-music-digital-records-cds-analysed-108942 “...Since the popularity of vinyl shows no signs of stopping soon, this means that more non-recyclable discs will be manufactured – which could have a negative impact on the environment.”

Active travel & transport

Urban Transport Group - The place to be: How transit oriented development can support good growth in the city regions: http://www.urbantransportgroup.org/resources/types/reports/place-be-how-transit-oriented-development-can-support-good-growth-city “This report examines ‘transit oriented development’ - the principle of putting public transport front and centre in new residential and commercial developments, with the aim of maximising access by public transport, encouraging walking and cycling, and minimising the need to own and use private cars.”

The social ideology of the motorcar: http://unevenearth.org/2018/08/the-social-ideology-of-the-motorcar/ “This 1973 essay on how cars have taken over our cities remains as relevant as ever”

Air quality & pollution

There has been wide coverage of the new Clean Air Strategy. TL:DR – great aspirations and says the right things, but short on detail and vague with no concrete delivery plan.

Clean Air Strategy 2019: Executive Summary: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/clean-air-strategy-2019/clean-air-strategy-2019-executive-summary

New air pollution plans improve on EU rules, government claims: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/jan/14/new-air-pollution-plans-improve-on-eu-rules-government-claims

Nice intentions, let’s see the detail. A take on the Government’s Clean Air Strategy: https://jimmcmanus.wordpress.com/2019/01/14/nice-intentions-lets-see-the-detail-a-take-on-the-governments-clean-air-strategy/

Clean Air Strategy: leading figures react to ‘missed opportunity’: https://airqualitynews.com/2019/01/14/clean-air-strategy-leading-figures-react-to-missed-opportunity/

Clean Air Strategy: progress for wildlife and people on ammonia – the ‘poor cousin’ of air pollution: https://airqualitynews.com/2019/01/14/clean-air-strategy-progress-for-wildlife-and-people-on-ammonia-the-poor-cousin-of-air-pollution/

Wood burners and open fires face restrictions in new clean air plan: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-46823440

The government’s new Clean Air Strategy – what’s wrong with it? https://www.greenpeace.org.uk/governments-new-clean-air-strategy-whats-wrong/

Government’s ‘world leading’ air pollution strategy is ‘missed opportunity’, say campaigners: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/air-pollution-strategy-michael-gove-environment-road-emissions-cars-wood-burning-stoves-a8725821.html

Ella Kissi-Debrah: Family of 9-year-old girl who died ‘from air pollution’ win bid to seek second inquest: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/health/ella-kissidebrah-inquest-death-air-pollution-london-south-circular-attorney-general-a8723366.html “The original inquest into the nine-year-old’s death concluded she died from acute respiratory failure, but an expert who has examined the case believes the illegally high levels of air pollution she was forced to breathe caused her fatal asthma attacks.”

Air pollution link to miscarriage risk: https://www.rcm.org.uk/news-views-and-analysis/news/air-pollution-link-to-miscarriage-risk “Short-term exposures to air pollution can raise miscarriage risks by 16%, study finds. The retrospective study by the University of Utah consisted of more than 1300 women with an average age of 28 years. The women in the study sought help at the emergency department following a miscarriage (up to 20 weeks’ gestation) between 2007 to 2015.”

ULEZ set to benefit poorest Londoners most, according to research: https://airqualitynews.com/2019/01/10/khans-new-ulez-set-to-benefit-poorest-londoners-the-most/ “The report, commissioned by City Hall and carried out by air quality and climate change emissions consultants Aether, shows that Khan’s measures, including the introduction of an Ultra Low Emissions Zone (ULEZ) this April, will improve air quality and reduce inequality associated with it between the city’s boroughs.”

Business giants commit $1bn to launch Alliance to End Plastic Waste: https://www.edie.net/news/5/Business-giants-unite-to-launch-Alliance-to-End-Plastic-Waste/ “Major companies from across the plastics value chain, including Procter & Gamble (P&G), Veolia and ExxonMobil, have today (16 January) committed more than $1bn (£777m) as part of a new alliance aimed at eliminating plastic waste in the environment.”

UK's first contact lens recycling scheme launches: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/jan/15/uks-first-contact-lens-recycling-scheme-launches “The UK’s first free national recycling scheme for plastic contact lenses – worn by an estimated 3.7 million people – is being rolled out this week. Wearers of any brand of soft lens will have the option of either having their discarded items and packaging collected or dropping them off at a network of recycling bins at Boots Opticians and selected independent stores.”

Food & food security

Food insecurity in UK is among worst in Europe, especially for children, says committee: https://www.bmj.com/content/364/bmj.l126 “Nearly one in five UK children under 15 lives in a home where the parents cannot afford to put food on the table, the environmental audit committee has said. The committee’s report, Hunger, Malnutrition and Food Insecurity in the UK,1 says that about 19% of under 15s live with an adult who is moderately or severely food insecure”

Sustainable Development Goals in the UK follow up: Hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition in the UK: https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201719/cmselect/cmenvaud/1491/149105.htm “UKSSD assessed the UK’s domestic performance against the targets which underlie Goal 2. It judged that all relevant targets were either amber (where “there are some gaps in policy coverage, the UK is not performing well enough or performance is deteriorating”) or red (where “there is little or no policy in place that adequately addresses the target, performance is poor.”)”

MPs are calling for a food insecurity minister to fight child malnourishment: https://www.bigissue.com/latest/mps-are-calling-for-a-food-insecurity-minister-to-fight-child-malnourishment/ “The Environment Audit Committee warned that the issue has “fallen between the cracks” with almost two million people undernourished in the UK”

Vegan diet can benefit both health and the environment: https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/news/hsph-in-the-news/vegan-diet-health-environment/ “There is strong evidence that a plant-based diet is the optimal diet for living a long and healthy life, according to Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health nutrition expert Walter Willett.”

'Brexit Box': Hundreds stock up over food supply fears: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-leeds-46814527 “So-called Brexit survival kits costing almost £300 are being sold ahead of the UK leaving the EU. The packs include enough freeze-dried food to last 30 days, a water filter and fire starting gel.”

Police advise stores to hire extra security in case of Brexit panic-buying: https://edition.cnn.com/2019/01/11/uk/no-deal-brexit-shops-additional-security-gbr-scli-intl/index.html “British police have advised retailers to consider hiring additional security to cope with fears of food shortages and other goods in the event of a no-deal Brexit.”

WMHPG news, information and resources 30 November 2018

We do not accept responsibility for the availability, reliability or content of these news items and do not necessarily endorse the views expressed within them.

Sustainable development goals

Contributions of diseases and injuries to widening life expectancy inequalities in England from 2001 to 2016: a population-based analysis of vital registration data: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpub/article/PIIS2468-2667(18)30214-7/fulltext “Recent trends in life expectancy in England have not only resulted in widened inequalities but the most deprived communities are now seeing no life expectancy gain. These inequalities are driven by a diverse group of diseases that can be effectively prevented and treated. Adoption of the principle of proportionate universalism to prevention and health and social care can postpone deaths into older ages for all communities and reduce life expectancy inequalities.”

The impact of NHS resource allocation policy on health inequalities in England 2001-11: longitudinal ecological study: https://www.bmj.com/content/348/bmj.g3231 “Between 2001 and 2011, the NHS health inequalities policy of increasing the proportion of resources allocated to deprived areas compared with more affluent areas was associated with a reduction in absolute health inequalities from causes amenable to healthcare. Dropping this policy may widen inequalities.”

A vision for population health: Towards a healthier future: https://www.kingsfund.org.uk/publications/vision-population-health “Population health is an approach that aims to improve physical and mental health outcomes, promote wellbeing and reduce health inequalities across an entire population. This report outlines The King’s Fund’s vision for population health, our reasoning for why such a vision is needed and the steps required to achieve it.”

Briefing: The nation's health as an asset: https://www.health.org.uk/sites/default/files/upload/publications/2018/The%20nation%27s%20health%20as%20an%20asset.pdf “Good health has a significant influence on overall wellbeing. It allows people to

participate in family life, the community and the workplace. It has value in its own right and it also creates value. Put simply, health should be viewed as an asset that is worth investing in for our society to prosper.”

Spending cuts breach UK's human rights obligations, says report: https://www.theguardian.com/society/2018/nov/28/spending-cuts-uk-human-rights-obligations-report “Cuts to public services and benefits that disproportionately affect the least well-off, single parents and disabled people put the government in breach of its human rights obligations, a study for the UK equalities watchdog has found.”

Healthy planning & environment

Planning 2020: Raynsford Review of Planning in England - Final Report: https://www.tcpa.org.uk/Handlers/Download.ashx?IDMF=30864427-d8dc-4b0b-88ed-c6e0f08c0edd “Since 2010 the English planning system has gone

through a period of ‘radical’ reform and deregulation, but the outcomes for communities, the environment and the economy remain uncertain. Local government planning departments are under growing pressure to perform, but many report that they do not have sufficient resources, skills and capacity. Evidence suggests that Local Plans have downgraded or removed policy on affordable homes, climate change and social inclusion. All of this is contributing to an increasing level of concern over the kinds of places that are being delivered. Are we building the kinds of communities that the nation needs and deserves?”

Compendium of Scientific, Medical, and Media Findings Demonstrating Risks and Harms of Fracking (Unconventional Gas and Oil Extraction): https://concernedhealthny.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Fracking_Science_Compendium_5FINAL.pdf “The Compendium of Scientific, Medical, and Media Findings Demonstrating Risks and Harms of Fracking (the Compendium) is a fully referenced compilation of the evidence outlining the risks and harms of fracking.”

Chair of England’s nature watchdog says it’s not independent anymore: https://unearthed.greenpeace.org/2018/11/22/natural-england-chair-not-independent/ “The frank interview by Natural England's outgoing chair comes as the government considers proposals for a new post-Brexit environmental regulator”

Permitted development rules are exacerbating affordable housing crisis, councils warn: https://www.localgov.co.uk/Permitted-development-rules-are-exacerbating-affordable-housing-crisis-councils-warn/46448 “Government rules to allow developers to convert offices into housing without planning permission has led to communities missing out on 10,000 affordable homes in the past three years, council leaders have warned.”

Housing

WHO Housing and health guidelines: http://www.who.int/sustainable-development/publications/housing-health-guidelines/en/ “The WHO Housing and health guidelines bring together the most recent evidence to provide practical recommendations to reduce the health burden due to unsafe and substandard housing.”

UK Collaborative Centre for Housing Evidence - Cache Knowledge Exchange Fund: Applications Open: http://housingevidence.ac.uk/news/cache-knowledge-exchange-fund-applications-open/ “Funding of between £5,000 and £8,000 is available to undertake short, knowledge exchange projects that will help address challenges facing the UK housing policy and practice communities.”

Design Value At The Neighbourhood Scale: http://housingevidence.ac.uk/publications/design-value-at-the-neighbourhood-scale/ “Synthesising the UK-based academic refereed literature, grey literature and policy documents, this evidence review explores the various ways in which design value has been defined and measured, and promoted, before concluding with a working definition of design value that incorporates social, environmental and economic elements.”

Welsh Government turns to Scotland for a new approach to housing need: https://lichfields.uk/blog/2018/november/23/welsh-government-turns-to-scotland-for-a-new-approach-to-housing-need/ “On 22 November 2018, the Minister for Housing and Regeneration, Rebecca Evans AM, announced that the Welsh Government will adopt a tool developed by the Scottish Government to calculate national and regional estimates of need and will publish these figures by January 2019.”

Council house residents could be banned from smoking in their homes: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/05/08/council-house-residents-could-banned-smoking-homes/ “Professor John Middleton, president of the Faculty of Public Health, told the Sunday Times: "Housing associations and councils are looking at smoke-free housing buildings. Where children are involved I think there is a real case for it.”

Climate change & sustainability

Global Climate and Health Forum – Call To Action: https://www.globalclimateandhealthforum.org/call-to-action “The Call to Action on Climate and Health outlines a set of ten priority policy actions for health leadership to advance ambitious progress towards global climate and health goals (read the full Call to Action). We are seeking the endorsement of this Call to Action by health systems and organizations around the world at all levels – from local to global. Please join us in mobilizing stronger climate action for health and health action for climate.”

Event - 2018 Global Climate and Health Summit: http://www.climateandhealthalliance.org/events/summit-cop24 “On 8th December, 2018 the World Health Organization, together with the Global Climate and Health Alliance, the European Committee of the Regions, and the Pro Silesia Association, will host a half-day Summit on climate change and health, alongside the UNFCCC Conference of Parties in Katowice.”

Lancet Countdown – tracking progress on health and climate change – 2018 report: http://www.lancetcountdown.org/the-report “IMPACT: Present day changes in heat waves labour capacity, vector-borne disease, and food security provide early warning of compounded and overwhelming impacts expected if temperature continues to rise. DELAY: A lack of progress in reducing emissions and building adaptive capacity threatens both human lives and the viability of the national health systems they depend on, with the potential to disrupt core public health infrastructure and overwhelm health services. OPPORTUNITY: Despite these delays, trends in a number of sectors see the beginning of a low-carbon transition, and it is clear that the nature and scale of the response to climate change will be the determining factor in shaping the health of nations for centuries to come.”

Extreme weather reveals changing climate: https://www.metoffice.gov.uk/news/releases/2018/climate-extremes-report-supplement “A new report by the Met Office, published today, reveals further details about changes in the UK’s climate since the 1960s. By documenting temperature and rainfall climate extremes, including periods of warmth, cold and spells of wet or dry weather, the report reveals changes in some types of extreme weather.”

Potential shift from a carbon sink to a source in Amazonian peatlands under a changing climate: http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2018/11/13/1801317115 “We find that warming accelerates peat carbon loss, while increasing precipitation slightly enhances peat carbon accumulation at millennial time scales. With these impacts, our simulations suggest that the basin might lose up to 0.4 PgC by AD 2100, with the largest loss from palm swamp. If this loss rate is true for all Amazonia peatlands, we project that these carbon-dense peatlands may switch from a current carbon sink into a future source in this century.”

Warm ice in Mount Everest’s glaciers makes them more sensitive to climate change – new research: https://theconversation.com/warm-ice-in-mount-everests-glaciers-makes-them-more-sensitive-to-climate-change-new-research-107325 “The main finding from this research was that the ice was warmer than we expected, with the coldest ice measuring –3.3°C. As the ice is formed on the flanks of Mount Everest, where the mean annual air temperature is –13°C at 7,000 metres elevation, we might have expected the ice to be at this temperature. Our borehole data reveal that this was not the case. Not only was the ice not this cold in our boreholes, but ice temperatures also increased towards the glacier terminus.”

UNEP: Limiting warming to 1.5C requires ‘fivefold’ increase in climate commitments: https://www.carbonbrief.org/unep-limiting-warming-to-1-5c-requires-fivefold-increase-in-climate-commitments “The world is far from being on track to meet its climate targets unless emission-reduction commitments are dramatically expanded, according to the latest UN Environment Programme (UNEP) emissions gap report.”

First sun-dimming experiment will test a way to cool Earth: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-07533-4 “Researchers plan to spray sunlight-reflecting particles into the stratosphere, an approach that could ultimately be used to quickly lower the planet’s temperature.”

How to identify people open to evidence about climate change: https://www.yaleclimateconnections.org/2018/11/focus-on-those-with-an-open-mind/ “Sure, some people are itching for a fight, but myriad others have genuine questions, hold only tentative beliefs, or are in-sync with the mainstream science but not inclined to do anything about it. Gauging someone else’s underlying position can help focus one’s attention on whether – and how – to engage.”

Matthew and Sarah Elliott: How a UK Power Couple Links US Libertarians and Fossil Fuel Lobbyists to Brexit: https://www.desmog.co.uk/2018/11/18/matthew-sarah-elliott-uk-power-couple-linking-us-libertarians-and-fossil-fuel-lobbyists-brexit “A close look at the transatlantic connections of the London-based groups pushing for the most deregulated form of Brexit reveals strong ties to major US libertarian influencers. These include fossil fuel magnates the Koch brothers — known for funding climate science denial around the world — and the man who bankrolled Donald Trump’s campaign, Robert Mercer.”

Active travel & transport

Essential Evidence on a Page – No. 177: Knowledge Translation for evidence-informed road safety: https://travelwest.info/project/ee-no-177-knowledge-translation-for-evidence-informed-road-safety?preview_id=28290 “Top line: There are significant future road safety gains to be made by more effective use of Knowledge Translation & Exchange (KTE) through improved policy and practice.”

Cycling and Walking for Individual and Population Health Benefits: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/757756/Cycling_and_walking_for_individual_and_population_health_benefits.pdf “In 2018, Government ministers asked for a clearer summary of the population health benefits and impacts that are specific to walking and cycling. This was to strengthen the national narrative on the benefits of walking and cycling, and to make the health impact case more accessible to local and national system partners. This review has been produced in response.”

Transport spending in London still twice northern England's: https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2018/nov/20/transport-spending-in-london-still-twice-northern-englands “...But an analysis of government figures released on Tuesday shows that in the four and a half years since the northern powerhouse agenda was set by the then chancellor, George Osborne, transport spending per person has gone up twice as much in London as in the north of England.”

Little evidence 20mph speed limit reduces casualties, says report: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/nov/23/little-evidence-20mph-speed-limit-cuts-casualties-says-uk-report “There is insufficient evidence that a 20mph speed limit has led to a significant reduction in the number of crashes and casualties in UK residential areas, a government-commissioned study has found.”

Air quality & pollution

Guidance -Health matters: air pollution: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/health-matters-air-pollution/health-matters-air-pollution “This edition of Health matters focuses on the health impacts that air pollution can have across a person’s lifetime, the associated health inequalities, and the current and future outlook both in terms of new cases of disease and NHS and social care costs attributable to air pollution. It includes calls to action on reducing air pollution and exposure for the health service and healthcare professionals, local government, and the public.”

Study uncovers link between air pollution and intellectual disabilities in children: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-11/w-sul112018.php “British children with intellectual disabilities are more likely than their peers to live in areas with high outdoor air pollution, according to a new Journal of Intellectual Disability Research study funded by Public Health England. The findings come from an analysis of data extracted from the UK's Millennium Cohort Study, a nationally representative sample of more than 18,000 UK children born in 2000 to 2002.”

Health Bodies Call For Biggest Changes To Air Quality Legislation In Over 60 Years: http://www.ukhealthalliance.org/health-bodies-call-biggest-changes-air-quality-legislation-60-years/ “The UK Health Alliance on Climate Change (UKHACC) – the body of UK health professionals advocating for action on climate change to protect public health – is calling on government to implement the biggest shake up in air quality legislation since the middle of the last century.”

Health impacts and health costs of diesel emissions in the EU: https://epha.org/ce-delft-health-impacts-costs-diesel-emissions-eu/ “While the impact of diesel emissions on the environment is well known, there is little attention paid to its health impacts. This CE Delft study explores costs, implications and solutions.”

Plastic is now part of our planet’s fabric – a scientist and archaeologist discuss what happens next: https://theconversation.com/plastic-is-now-part-of-our-planets-fabric-a-scientist-and-archaeologist-discuss-what-happens-next-106019 “This is an article from Head to Head, a series in which academics from different disciplines chew over current debates.” – an archaeologist and an environmental scientist discuss plastic pollution.

Tyres and microplastics: time to reinvent the wheel? https://friendsoftheearth.uk/plastics/tyres-and-microplastics-time-reinvent-wheel “Vehicle tyres are probably the biggest source of plastic pollution in our rivers and seas according to a new report by research group Eunomia.”

Vehicle tyres and synthetic clothes are two of the leading causes of household microplastic pollution: https://meta.eeb.org/2018/11/22/tyres-and-clothes-are-major-causese-of-microplastic-pollution-report-finds/ “The UK study estimated that just four main sources delivered between 9,000 and 32,000 tonnes of microplastics into waterways every year. The two worst causes were tyre abrasion and the washing of synthetic clothes, such as fleeces.”

Food & food security

Opportunities for future research and innovation on food and nutrition security and agriculture: The InterAcademy Partnership's global perspective: http://www.interacademies.org/48898/Opportunities-for-future-research-and-innovation-on-food-and-nutrition-security-and-agriculture-The-InterAcademy-Partnerships-global-perspective “Global food systems are failing humanity and speeding up climate change: New report from 130 national academies issues wake-up call to leaders on eve of COP24. The current approach to food, nutrition, agriculture, and the environment is unsustainable and must change. There is no time to waste, say the 130 national academies of science and medicine across Africa, Asia, the Americas and Europe that compose the InterAcademy Partnership.”

Connecting food systems for co-benefits: How can food systems combine diet-related health with environmental and economic policy goals? https://www.eu2018.at/calendar-events/political-events/BMASGK-2018-11-22-EU-Food-Systems.html?platform=hootsuite (file link at the bottom of the conference web page) “Healthy and sustainable food systems are part of the solution to reduce diet-related diseases and environmental burdens. Healthy and sustainable food systems will not only contribute towards better health of European citizens but will also bring benefits for our natural environments, for our economy and will improve social wellbeing of European citizens. A systems’ approach is urgently needed.”

Mayor confirms ban on junk food advertising on London transport network: https://www.sustainweb.org/news/nov18_tfl_junk_ad_ban/ “Junk food advertising will be banned on the entire Transport for London (TfL) network from 25 February under groundbreaking measures to help tackle child obesity, the Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, confirmed today.”

The Real Junk Food Project: https://therealjunkfoodproject.org/ “We are a global movement aiming to abolish surplus food through a variety of Pay As You Feel concepts. We work with international and local partners to intercept food destined for landfill and redistribute it through a network of Pay As You Feel Sharehouses, cafes and school partnerships.”

WMHPG news, information and resources 16 November 2018

We do not accept responsibility for the availability, reliability or content of these news items and do not necessarily endorse the views expressed within them.

Sustainable development goals

Much coverage, comment and discussion of a speech by the Secretary of State – Matt Hancock – who is promoting a move towards prevention in healthcare. The general consensus (if there is one…) is that the focus on prevention is welcome, but it must move away from a focus on individual behaviour and lifestyle choices to address the social determinants of health. Also, many commentators discussed how a move to prevention may not be supported by recent cuts to local authority funding, especially the public health grant.

The depths of the cuts: the uneven geography of local government austerity: http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/politicsandpolicy/the-uneven-geography-of-austerity/ “Drawing on spatial analysis of local authority budgets, Mia Gray and Anna Barford highlight the uneven impacts of UK austerity. They argue that it has actively reshaped the relationship between central and local government, shrinking the capacity of the local state, increasing inequality between local governments, and exacerbating territorial injustice.”

Sustainable Development Goals meant to transform the world for persons with disabilities: UN's Disability Department of Economic and Social Affairs: http://www.merinews.com/article/sustainable-development-goals-meant-to-transform-the-world-for-persons-with-disabilities-uns-disability-department-of-economic-and-social-affairs/15932582.shtml “The agency has issued an infographic that shows where disability is explicitly included in the 17 SDGs of the United Nations that are going to 'transform the world for persons with disabilities' and promised 'the world in 2030, fully inclusive of persons with disabilities'.”

Institute of Civil Engineers: uniting engineering for sustainable development:  https://www.energydigital.com/sustainability/institute-civil-engineers-uniting-engineering-sustainable-development “Following October’s Global Engineering Congress 2018, Professor Lord Robert Mair, President of ICE, discusses what engineering can do to support energy efficiency, combat climate change and align with the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals.”

A Fair, Supportive Society: Summary Report: http://www.instituteofhealthequity.org/resources-reports/a-fair-supportive-society-summary-report “The IHE report A Fair, Supportive Society highlights that some of the most vulnerable people in society – those with learning disabilities – will die 15-20 years sooner on average than the general population – that’s 1,200 people every year.”

Healthy planning & environment

WWF Report Reveals Staggering Extent of Human Impact on Planet: https://www.worldwildlife.org/press-releases/wwf-report-reveals-staggering-extent-of-human-impact-on-planet “Populations of mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, and amphibians have, on average, declined in size by 60 percent in just over 40 years. The biggest drivers of current biodiversity loss are overexploitation and agriculture, both linked to continually increasing human consumption.”

Britain's Cuadrilla extracts first shale gas at English fracking site: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-britain-fracking/britains-cuadrilla-extracts-first-shale-gas-at-english-fracking-site-idUSKCN1N71OF “Cuadrilla extracted its first shale gas from its site in northwest England, it said on Friday, after it began fracking operations there just over two weeks ago.“

Conservatives line up to criticise government's ‘downright bonkers’ fracking plans: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/fracking-conservatives-shale-gas-planning-mark-menzies-zac-goldsmith-a8613276.html “The government's plans to fast-track new fracking projects have been described as “ludicrous” and “downright bonkers”, by their own MPs. Politicians from all parties lined up at a parliamentary debate to criticise a proposal to reclassify exploratory fracking wells as permitted developments, under rules originally introduced to speed up projects like small property extensions.”

Government’s ‘deeply worrying’ post-Brexit environment plans fail to replace one-third of EU laws, MPs warn: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/brexit-latest-environment-air-pollution-wildlife-caroline-lucas-mary-creagh-eu-laws-a8619151.html “Committee says there is still uncertainty about air, water and chemical laws, as well as new body to ensure they are enforced”

Stop biodiversity loss or we could face our own extinction, warns UN: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/nov/03/stop-biodiversity-loss-or-we-could-face-our-own-extinction-warns-un “The world has two years to secure a deal for nature to halt a ‘silent killer’ as dangerous as climate change, says biodiversity chief. The world must thrash out a new deal for nature in the next two years or humanity could be the first species to document our own extinction, warns the United Nation’s biodiversity chief.”

Calls For ‘Paris Agreement’ For Nature At Major Environmental Conference: https://meta.eeb.org/2018/11/07/calls-for-paris-agreement-for-nature-at-major-environmental-conference/ “A ‘global deal for nature’ comparable to the Paris climate agreement will be crucial to halt and reverse dangerous levels of habitat and wildlife loss around the globe. That was just one of the calls from a conference organised by the European Environmental Bureau this week to discuss the future of Europe ahead of next May’s European elections.”

Eu’s Financial Watchdog Calls Out Commission’s Toothless ‘Green’ Farming Plan: https://meta.eeb.org/2018/11/07/eus-financial-watchdog-calls-out-commissions-toothless-green-farming-plan/ “Protections for the climate and the environment will not increase under the European Commission’s plans for agricultural policy reform. That’s the damming assessment published today by the EU’s top financial watchdog.”

Bee diversity and richness decline as anthropogenic activity increases, confirm scientists: https://eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-11/pp-bda110118.php “Changes in land use negatively affect bee species richness and diversity, and cause major shifts in species composition, reports a recent study of native wild bees, conducted at the Sierra de Quila Flora and Fauna Protection Area and its influence zone in Mexico.”

Council chiefs blast Treasury decision to delay gambling reform: https://www.localgov.co.uk/Council-chiefs-blast-Treasury-decision-to-delay-gambling-reform-/46311 “Local government leaders have said the Government’s decision to delay implementing a planned reduction in the maximum stake on fixed-odds betting terminals is ‘extremely concerning.’”

Housing

Tenants in rented homes to benefit from tighter health and safety standards: https://www.pbctoday.co.uk/news/health-safety-news/rented-homes-tenants-tighter-health-safety/48503/ “Housing Minister, Heather Wheeler MP has announced plans to update health and safety standards for rented homes. The plan will improve the quality of living for those currently living in unsatisfactory conditions in rented homes.”

Housing & health. Starter kit: https://gregfellpublichealth.wordpress.com/2018/02/10/housing-health-starter-kit/ “I still know relatively little about the housing sector. I do know it’s a huge area for health improvement and increasing efficiency in the health and social care sector. This blog builds on earlier one and sets out a few thoughts. I’d welcome input of those who know what they’re doing in this space to improve”

Sprinklers suppress 12 social housing fires (£wall): https://www.insidehousing.co.uk/news/sprinklers-suppress-12-social-housing-fires-58940

Climate change & sustainability

Wind Farms Can Act Like Apex Predators in Ecosystems, Study Finds: https://e360.yale.edu/digest/wind-farms-can-act-like-apex-predators-in-ecosystems-study-finds “The impact of wind farms on flying species has been well documented, with turbines reducing the number of birds and bats in an area and disrupting migration routes. But a new study finds that the impacts of turbines are more far-reaching than previously thought, acting almost like a new apex predator in an ecosystem.” – primary report here: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-018-0707-z

Wind turbines aren’t quite ‘apex predators’, but the truth is far more interesting: https://theconversation.com/wind-turbines-arent-quite-apex-predators-but-the-truth-is-far-more-interesting-106480 “While it certainly is true that collision with turbines can cause direct mortality, what the new research actually shows is far more interesting and complex than this. The result of many years of data collection, the work shows that through the (direct or indirect) effects on birds of prey, wind turbines can have broader and more subtle effects on the wider ecosystem – including on some unexpected species.”

Co-use of existing scenario sets to extend and quantify the shared socioeconomic pathways: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10584-018-2318-8 “We propose here a new method to extend the SSPs that makes use of existing scenario studies, the (re)use of which has been underestimated so far. Our approach lies in a systematic matching of multiple scenario sets that facilitates enrichment of the global SSPs with regional and sectoral information, in terms of both storylines and quantitative projections.”

Scientists Develop Liquid Fuel That Can Store The Sun's Energy For Up to 18 Years: https://www.sciencealert.com/scientists-develop-liquid-that-sucks-up-sun-s-energy “Scientists in Sweden have developed a specialised fluid, called a solar thermal fuel, that can store energy from the sun for well over a decade. "A solar thermal fuel is like a rechargeable battery, but instead of electricity, you put sunlight in and get heat out, triggered on demand," Jeffrey Grossman, an engineer works with these materials at MIT explained to NBC News. The fluid is actually a molecule in liquid form that scientists from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden have been working on improving for over a year.”

Britain's renewable electricity capacity overtakes fossil fuels – report: https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-britain-electricity-renewables/britains-renewable-electricity-capacity-overtakes-fossil-fuels-report-idUKKCN1NB1E3 “Britain’s renewable electricity capacity has overtaken that of fossil fuel generators such as gas and coal for the first time, a report said on Tuesday. Britain aims to increase its renewable output and close its coal-fired power plants by 2025 as part of efforts to meet climate targets.” – data available here: Energy Trends: renewables: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/energy-trends-section-6-renewables

Heat seems to make us stupider: https://www.yaleclimateconnections.org/2018/10/heat-seems-to-make-us-stupider/ “A recent study linked hotter indoor temperatures to a decline in cognitive function.”

UK heatwaves lasting twice as long as 50 years ago – Met Office: https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/nov/02/uk-heatwaves-lasting-twice-as-long-as-50-years-ago-met-office “Heatwaves in the UK are lasting twice as long as they did 50 years ago, ice days are disappearing and tropical nights are starting to occur as far north as Middlesbrough, according to a Met Office report. The first study of climate extremes in the UK by the government agency shows the longer-term trend behind this summer’s prolonged spell of high temperatures and the weakening of winter frosts.”

The Carbon Brief Quiz 2018: https://www.carbonbrief.org/the-carbon-brief-quiz-2018 “The full quiz can be viewed below, but here’s an interactive taster of 10 questions. See how you get on.”

The Carbon Cycle: https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/CarbonCycle “Carbon is the backbone of life on Earth. We are made of carbon, we eat carbon, and our civilizations—our economies, our homes, our means of transport—are built on carbon. We need carbon, but that need is also entwined with one of the most serious problems facing us today: global climate change.”

Energy cost of 'mining' bitcoin more than twice that of copper or gold: https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/nov/05/energy-cost-of-mining-bitcoin-more-than-twice-that-of-copper-or-gold “New research reveals that cryptocurrencies require far more electricity per-dollar than it takes to mine most real metals”

Active travel & transport

Official Statistics: Wider Determinants of Health: November 2018 update commentary: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/wider-determinants-of-health-november-2018-update/wider-determinants-of-health-november-2018-update-commentary “We have added 2 new indicators to the natural and built environment domain: percentage of adults cycling for travel at least 3 days per week, and percentage of adults walking for travel at least 3 days per week. Creating an environment where people actively choose to walk and cycle as part of everyday life can have a significant impact on public health and may reduce inequalities in health.”

Dockless bikes: Green revolution or public 'parasite'? http://www.thisisplace.org/i/?id=2a348bdc-57b4-43b3-9805-fbfa3a2f4f6e “While fans say they help free city centres from traffic and promote cycling, critics argue they have taken advantage of a lack of regulations and are riding roughshod over local communities to act as "parasites" on public space. "Urban space and public space is for the public – it's for us all to use. It's not for a private company to make profit off," said Morten Kabell of Danish firm Copenhagenize, which specialises in bike-focused urban planning.”

Air quality & pollution

Longitudinal associations of in utero and early life near-roadway air pollution with trajectories of childhood body mass index: https://ehjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12940-018-0409-7 “Higher exposure to early life NRAP increased the rate of change of childhood BMI and resulted in a higher attained BMI at age 10 years that were independent of later childhood exposures. These findings suggest that elevated early life NRAP (near-roadway air pollution) exposures contribute to increased obesity risk in children.”

Rogue chemicals threaten positive prognosis for ozone hole: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-07269-1?utm_source=briefing-dy&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=briefing&utm_content=20181105 “Researchers hunt for the source of a mysterious rise in ozone-depleting chemicals in Earth’s atmosphere.”

  • More Evidence Points to China as Source of Ozone-Depleting Gas: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/03/climate/china-ozone-cfcs.html “An environmental group says it has new evidence showing that China is behind the resurgence of a banned industrial gas that not only destroys the planet’s protective ozone layer but also contributes to global warming.“

Air pollution linked to autism: study: https://phys.org/news/2018-11-air-pollution-linked-autism.html “The study of children in Shanghai, from birth to three years, found that exposure to fine particles (PM2.5) from vehicle exhausts, industrial emissions and other sources of outdoor pollution increased the risk of developing autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by up to 78%. The study included 124 ASD children and 1240 healthy children (as control) in stages over a nine-year period, examining the association between air pollution and ASD.

Budget ‘a missed opportunity’ on air quality: https://www.airqualitynews.com/2018/10/30/budget-a-missed-opportunity-on-air-quality/ “A freeze on fuel duty and a continued lack of clarity on red diesel have seen the budget labelled a ‘missed opportunity’ in supporting efforts to improve air quality.”

Londoners more worried about air pollution than rest of UK, survey claims: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/london-air-pollution-quality-uk-environment-survey-european-agency-a8614116.html “The survey, of 2,000 adults by Hyundai, found the effect air pollution is having on children is the biggest concern. Climate change, the effect of poor air quality on our personal health, and the damage it causes to the environment are among the other worries of those polled.”

Food & food security

Population impact of weight management services: https://gregfellpublichealth.wordpress.com/2018/10/30/population-impact-of-weight-management-services/amp/ “Here I am not saying weight management isn’t important, I’m going to suggest the population impact is limited. Further investment in weight management is welcome. But not if it as at the expense of more valuable things.”

Health on the High Street: Running on Empty 2018: https://www.rsph.org.uk/our-work/campaigns/health-on-the-high-street/2018.html “Our 2018 campaign updates and expands on the original high street analysis, reflecting the ever-changing face of Britain’s retail environment. The campaign offers practical guidance for local authorities and members of the public who want to make their high streets more health-promoting”

Hunger stalks Asia's booming cities - U.N. agencies: http://www.thisisplace.org/i/?id=d1304b2b-b373-4a76-8cbc-913ed4a21c49 “Hundreds of millions of children and adults in Asia's rapidly expanding cities are undernourished, and will remain so without "inclusive, sustainable and nutrition-sensitive" urban planning, United Nations officials said on Friday.”

Meat tax: why taxing sausages and bacon could save hundreds of thousands of lives every year: https://theconversation.com/meat-tax-why-taxing-sausages-and-bacon-could-save-hundreds-of-thousands-of-lives-every-year-106399 “...Given the negative health impacts, there have been calls for certain types of meat to be regulated similar to other carcinogens – such as tobacco or asbestos – or like other foods of public health concern – such as sugary drinks.”

WMHPG news, information and resources 9 November 2018

We do not accept responsibility for the availability, reliability or content of these news items and do not necessarily endorse the views expressed within them.

Sustainable development goals

Much coverage, comment and discussion of a speech by the Secretary of State – Matt Hancock – who is promoting a move towards prevention in healthcare. The general consensus (if there is one…) is that the focus on prevention is welcome, but it must move away from a focus on individual behaviour and lifestyle choices to address the social determinants of health. Also, many commentators discussed how a move to prevention may not be supported by recent cuts to local authority funding, especially the public health grant.

The depths of the cuts: the uneven geography of local government austerity: http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/politicsandpolicy/the-uneven-geography-of-austerity/ “Drawing on spatial analysis of local authority budgets, Mia Gray and Anna Barford highlight the uneven impacts of UK austerity. They argue that it has actively reshaped the relationship between central and local government, shrinking the capacity of the local state, increasing inequality between local governments, and exacerbating territorial injustice.”

Sustainable Development Goals meant to transform the world for persons with disabilities: UN's Disability Department of Economic and Social Affairs: http://www.merinews.com/article/sustainable-development-goals-meant-to-transform-the-world-for-persons-with-disabilities-uns-disability-department-of-economic-and-social-affairs/15932582.shtml “The agency has issued an infographic that shows where disability is explicitly included in the 17 SDGs of the United Nations that are going to 'transform the world for persons with disabilities' and promised 'the world in 2030, fully inclusive of persons with disabilities'.”

Institute of Civil Engineers: uniting engineering for sustainable development:  https://www.energydigital.com/sustainability/institute-civil-engineers-uniting-engineering-sustainable-development “Following October’s Global Engineering Congress 2018, Professor Lord Robert Mair, President of ICE, discusses what engineering can do to support energy efficiency, combat climate change and align with the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals.”

A Fair, Supportive Society: Summary Report: http://www.instituteofhealthequity.org/resources-reports/a-fair-supportive-society-summary-report “The IHE report A Fair, Supportive Society highlights that some of the most vulnerable people in society – those with learning disabilities – will die 15-20 years sooner on average than the general population – that’s 1,200 people every year.”

Healthy planning & environment

WWF Report Reveals Staggering Extent of Human Impact on Planet: https://www.worldwildlife.org/press-releases/wwf-report-reveals-staggering-extent-of-human-impact-on-planet “Populations of mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, and amphibians have, on average, declined in size by 60 percent in just over 40 years. The biggest drivers of current biodiversity loss are overexploitation and agriculture, both linked to continually increasing human consumption.”

Britain's Cuadrilla extracts first shale gas at English fracking site: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-britain-fracking/britains-cuadrilla-extracts-first-shale-gas-at-english-fracking-site-idUSKCN1N71OF “Cuadrilla extracted its first shale gas from its site in northwest England, it said on Friday, after it began fracking operations there just over two weeks ago.“

Conservatives line up to criticise government's ‘downright bonkers’ fracking plans: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/fracking-conservatives-shale-gas-planning-mark-menzies-zac-goldsmith-a8613276.html “The government's plans to fast-track new fracking projects have been described as “ludicrous” and “downright bonkers”, by their own MPs. Politicians from all parties lined up at a parliamentary debate to criticise a proposal to reclassify exploratory fracking wells as permitted developments, under rules originally introduced to speed up projects like small property extensions.”

Government’s ‘deeply worrying’ post-Brexit environment plans fail to replace one-third of EU laws, MPs warn: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/brexit-latest-environment-air-pollution-wildlife-caroline-lucas-mary-creagh-eu-laws-a8619151.html “Committee says there is still uncertainty about air, water and chemical laws, as well as new body to ensure they are enforced”

Stop biodiversity loss or we could face our own extinction, warns UN: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/nov/03/stop-biodiversity-loss-or-we-could-face-our-own-extinction-warns-un “The world has two years to secure a deal for nature to halt a ‘silent killer’ as dangerous as climate change, says biodiversity chief. The world must thrash out a new deal for nature in the next two years or humanity could be the first species to document our own extinction, warns the United Nation’s biodiversity chief.”

Calls For ‘Paris Agreement’ For Nature At Major Environmental Conference: https://meta.eeb.org/2018/11/07/calls-for-paris-agreement-for-nature-at-major-environmental-conference/ “A ‘global deal for nature’ comparable to the Paris climate agreement will be crucial to halt and reverse dangerous levels of habitat and wildlife loss around the globe. That was just one of the calls from a conference organised by the European Environmental Bureau this week to discuss the future of Europe ahead of next May’s European elections.”

Eu’s Financial Watchdog Calls Out Commission’s Toothless ‘Green’ Farming Plan: https://meta.eeb.org/2018/11/07/eus-financial-watchdog-calls-out-commissions-toothless-green-farming-plan/ “Protections for the climate and the environment will not increase under the European Commission’s plans for agricultural policy reform. That’s the damming assessment published today by the EU’s top financial watchdog.”

Bee diversity and richness decline as anthropogenic activity increases, confirm scientists: https://eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-11/pp-bda110118.php “Changes in land use negatively affect bee species richness and diversity, and cause major shifts in species composition, reports a recent study of native wild bees, conducted at the Sierra de Quila Flora and Fauna Protection Area and its influence zone in Mexico.”

Council chiefs blast Treasury decision to delay gambling reform: https://www.localgov.co.uk/Council-chiefs-blast-Treasury-decision-to-delay-gambling-reform-/46311 “Local government leaders have said the Government’s decision to delay implementing a planned reduction in the maximum stake on fixed-odds betting terminals is ‘extremely concerning.’”

Housing

Tenants in rented homes to benefit from tighter health and safety standards: https://www.pbctoday.co.uk/news/health-safety-news/rented-homes-tenants-tighter-health-safety/48503/ “Housing Minister, Heather Wheeler MP has announced plans to update health and safety standards for rented homes. The plan will improve the quality of living for those currently living in unsatisfactory conditions in rented homes.”

Housing & health. Starter kit: https://gregfellpublichealth.wordpress.com/2018/02/10/housing-health-starter-kit/ “I still know relatively little about the housing sector. I do know it’s a huge area for health improvement and increasing efficiency in the health and social care sector. This blog builds on earlier one and sets out a few thoughts. I’d welcome input of those who know what they’re doing in this space to improve”

Sprinklers suppress 12 social housing fires (£wall): https://www.insidehousing.co.uk/news/sprinklers-suppress-12-social-housing-fires-58940

Climate change & sustainability

Wind Farms Can Act Like Apex Predators in Ecosystems, Study Finds: https://e360.yale.edu/digest/wind-farms-can-act-like-apex-predators-in-ecosystems-study-finds “The impact of wind farms on flying species has been well documented, with turbines reducing the number of birds and bats in an area and disrupting migration routes. But a new study finds that the impacts of turbines are more far-reaching than previously thought, acting almost like a new apex predator in an ecosystem.” – primary report here: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-018-0707-z

Wind turbines aren’t quite ‘apex predators’, but the truth is far more interesting: https://theconversation.com/wind-turbines-arent-quite-apex-predators-but-the-truth-is-far-more-interesting-106480 “While it certainly is true that collision with turbines can cause direct mortality, what the new research actually shows is far more interesting and complex than this. The result of many years of data collection, the work shows that through the (direct or indirect) effects on birds of prey, wind turbines can have broader and more subtle effects on the wider ecosystem – including on some unexpected species.”

Co-use of existing scenario sets to extend and quantify the shared socioeconomic pathways: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10584-018-2318-8 “We propose here a new method to extend the SSPs that makes use of existing scenario studies, the (re)use of which has been underestimated so far. Our approach lies in a systematic matching of multiple scenario sets that facilitates enrichment of the global SSPs with regional and sectoral information, in terms of both storylines and quantitative projections.”

Scientists Develop Liquid Fuel That Can Store The Sun's Energy For Up to 18 Years: https://www.sciencealert.com/scientists-develop-liquid-that-sucks-up-sun-s-energy “Scientists in Sweden have developed a specialised fluid, called a solar thermal fuel, that can store energy from the sun for well over a decade. "A solar thermal fuel is like a rechargeable battery, but instead of electricity, you put sunlight in and get heat out, triggered on demand," Jeffrey Grossman, an engineer works with these materials at MIT explained to NBC News. The fluid is actually a molecule in liquid form that scientists from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden have been working on improving for over a year.”

Britain's renewable electricity capacity overtakes fossil fuels – report: https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-britain-electricity-renewables/britains-renewable-electricity-capacity-overtakes-fossil-fuels-report-idUKKCN1NB1E3 “Britain’s renewable electricity capacity has overtaken that of fossil fuel generators such as gas and coal for the first time, a report said on Tuesday. Britain aims to increase its renewable output and close its coal-fired power plants by 2025 as part of efforts to meet climate targets.” – data available here: Energy Trends: renewables: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/energy-trends-section-6-renewables

Heat seems to make us stupider: https://www.yaleclimateconnections.org/2018/10/heat-seems-to-make-us-stupider/ “A recent study linked hotter indoor temperatures to a decline in cognitive function.”

UK heatwaves lasting twice as long as 50 years ago – Met Office: https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/nov/02/uk-heatwaves-lasting-twice-as-long-as-50-years-ago-met-office “Heatwaves in the UK are lasting twice as long as they did 50 years ago, ice days are disappearing and tropical nights are starting to occur as far north as Middlesbrough, according to a Met Office report. The first study of climate extremes in the UK by the government agency shows the longer-term trend behind this summer’s prolonged spell of high temperatures and the weakening of winter frosts.”

The Carbon Brief Quiz 2018: https://www.carbonbrief.org/the-carbon-brief-quiz-2018 “The full quiz can be viewed below, but here’s an interactive taster of 10 questions. See how you get on.”

The Carbon Cycle: https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/CarbonCycle “Carbon is the backbone of life on Earth. We are made of carbon, we eat carbon, and our civilizations—our economies, our homes, our means of transport—are built on carbon. We need carbon, but that need is also entwined with one of the most serious problems facing us today: global climate change.”

Energy cost of 'mining' bitcoin more than twice that of copper or gold: https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/nov/05/energy-cost-of-mining-bitcoin-more-than-twice-that-of-copper-or-gold “New research reveals that cryptocurrencies require far more electricity per-dollar than it takes to mine most real metals”

Active travel & transport

Official Statistics: Wider Determinants of Health: November 2018 update commentary: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/wider-determinants-of-health-november-2018-update/wider-determinants-of-health-november-2018-update-commentary “We have added 2 new indicators to the natural and built environment domain: percentage of adults cycling for travel at least 3 days per week, and percentage of adults walking for travel at least 3 days per week. Creating an environment where people actively choose to walk and cycle as part of everyday life can have a significant impact on public health and may reduce inequalities in health.”

Dockless bikes: Green revolution or public 'parasite'? http://www.thisisplace.org/i/?id=2a348bdc-57b4-43b3-9805-fbfa3a2f4f6e “While fans say they help free city centres from traffic and promote cycling, critics argue they have taken advantage of a lack of regulations and are riding roughshod over local communities to act as "parasites" on public space. "Urban space and public space is for the public – it's for us all to use. It's not for a private company to make profit off," said Morten Kabell of Danish firm Copenhagenize, which specialises in bike-focused urban planning.”

Air quality & pollution

Longitudinal associations of in utero and early life near-roadway air pollution with trajectories of childhood body mass index: https://ehjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12940-018-0409-7 “Higher exposure to early life NRAP increased the rate of change of childhood BMI and resulted in a higher attained BMI at age 10 years that were independent of later childhood exposures. These findings suggest that elevated early life NRAP (near-roadway air pollution) exposures contribute to increased obesity risk in children.”

Rogue chemicals threaten positive prognosis for ozone hole: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-07269-1?utm_source=briefing-dy&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=briefing&utm_content=20181105 “Researchers hunt for the source of a mysterious rise in ozone-depleting chemicals in Earth’s atmosphere.”

  • More Evidence Points to China as Source of Ozone-Depleting Gas: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/03/climate/china-ozone-cfcs.html “An environmental group says it has new evidence showing that China is behind the resurgence of a banned industrial gas that not only destroys the planet’s protective ozone layer but also contributes to global warming.“

Air pollution linked to autism: study: https://phys.org/news/2018-11-air-pollution-linked-autism.html “The study of children in Shanghai, from birth to three years, found that exposure to fine particles (PM2.5) from vehicle exhausts, industrial emissions and other sources of outdoor pollution increased the risk of developing autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by up to 78%. The study included 124 ASD children and 1240 healthy children (as control) in stages over a nine-year period, examining the association between air pollution and ASD.

Budget ‘a missed opportunity’ on air quality: https://www.airqualitynews.com/2018/10/30/budget-a-missed-opportunity-on-air-quality/ “A freeze on fuel duty and a continued lack of clarity on red diesel have seen the budget labelled a ‘missed opportunity’ in supporting efforts to improve air quality.”

Londoners more worried about air pollution than rest of UK, survey claims: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/london-air-pollution-quality-uk-environment-survey-european-agency-a8614116.html “The survey, of 2,000 adults by Hyundai, found the effect air pollution is having on children is the biggest concern. Climate change, the effect of poor air quality on our personal health, and the damage it causes to the environment are among the other worries of those polled.”

Food & food security

Population impact of weight management services: https://gregfellpublichealth.wordpress.com/2018/10/30/population-impact-of-weight-management-services/amp/ “Here I am not saying weight management isn’t important, I’m going to suggest the population impact is limited. Further investment in weight management is welcome. But not if it as at the expense of more valuable things.”

Health on the High Street: Running on Empty 2018: https://www.rsph.org.uk/our-work/campaigns/health-on-the-high-street/2018.html “Our 2018 campaign updates and expands on the original high street analysis, reflecting the ever-changing face of Britain’s retail environment. The campaign offers practical guidance for local authorities and members of the public who want to make their high streets more health-promoting”

Hunger stalks Asia's booming cities - U.N. agencies: http://www.thisisplace.org/i/?id=d1304b2b-b373-4a76-8cbc-913ed4a21c49 “Hundreds of millions of children and adults in Asia's rapidly expanding cities are undernourished, and will remain so without "inclusive, sustainable and nutrition-sensitive" urban planning, United Nations officials said on Friday.”

Meat tax: why taxing sausages and bacon could save hundreds of thousands of lives every year: https://theconversation.com/meat-tax-why-taxing-sausages-and-bacon-could-save-hundreds-of-thousands-of-lives-every-year-106399 “...Given the negative health impacts, there have been calls for certain types of meat to be regulated similar to other carcinogens – such as tobacco or asbestos – or like other foods of public health concern – such as sugary drinks.”

WMHPG news, information and resources 19 October 2018

We do not accept responsibility for the availability, reliability or content of these news items and do not necessarily endorse the views expressed within them.

Sustainable development goals

The Lancet Commission on global mental health and sustainable development: https://www.thelancet.com/commissions/global-mental-health “The Commission proposes that the global mental agenda should be expanded from a focus on reducing the treatment gap to improving the mental health of whole populations and reducing the global burden of mental disorders by addressing gaps in prevention and quality of care. The Commission outlines a blueprint for action to promote mental wellbeing, prevent mental health problems, and enable recovery from mental disorders.”

A water walk in New York City: https://www.globalsistersreport.org/column/environment-equality/water-walk-new-york-city-55501 “One child under five dies every two minutes from diarrhea caused by dirty water, poor sanitation and bad hygiene — yet based on current progress, the world will fail to meet the Sustainable Development Goal 6 — To bring safe water and toilets to everyone, everywhere by 2030. Goal 6 of the 2030 agenda is dedicated to action to ensure the availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.”

Health Equity in England: The Marmot Review 10 Years On: https://www.health.org.uk/news/health-equity-england-marmot-review-10-years “The Health Foundation and the Institute of Health Equity (IHE) are working on an analysis of health inequalities in England and update of the Marmot Review to be published in February 2020, on the 10-year anniversary of the Marmot Review. The new report, Health Equity in England: The Marmot Review 10 Years on, will examine progress in addressing health inequalities in England and propose recommendations for future action.”

Get Rich Or Die Trying: The Case For A New Politics Of Time: https://neweconomics.org/2018/10/get-rich-or-die-trying-the-case-for-a-new-politics-of-time “Earlier this month the Green Party announced it would make free time a key measure of UK wellbeing – replacing GDP as a barometer of economic progress. Could such an approach change how we understand the economy?”

Has Britain’s long overdue pay recovery finally arrived? https://www.resolutionfoundation.org/media/blog/has-britains-long-overdue-pay-recovery-finally-arrived/ “Since 2009 we’ve grown quite tired of waiting for signs that pay growth could be – at least approaching – pre-crisis norms. Today, perhaps, the wait may be over.”

Healthy planning & environment

Built and natural environment planning principles for promoting health: an umbrella review: https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-018-5870-2 “This umbrella review aimed to assess relationships between the built and natural environment and health, concentrating on five topic areas: neighbourhood design, housing, food environment, natural and sustainable environment, and transport.”

Co-creating urban green infrastructure connecting people and nature: A guiding framework and approach: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301479718310934?via%3Dihub “Urban green infrastructure (UGI) and nature-based solutions are increasingly recognized as instruments to address urban sustainability challenges, yet rely on a good understanding of complex social-ecological system (SES) to function adequately.”

Green infrastructure and health – yet more evidence: http://www.cmscoms.com/?p=15408 “An expert paper from the EU PERFECT (Planning for Environment and Resource efficiency in European Cities and Towns) project helps to make an economic case for the multiple benefits of green infrastructure based on the jobs and growth agenda.”

Journal of Urban Design and Mental Health – Edition 5: Urban Play: https://www.urbandesignmentalhealth.com/edition-5.html “Play and mental health, school design, suicide prevention, Las Vegas insight”

A timeline of the events around the re-starting of fracking in England.

And some further coverage of fracking;

‘Hyperalarming’ study shows massive insect loss: https://www.washingtonpost.com/science/2018/10/15/hyperalarming-study-shows-massive-insect-loss/?utm_term=.36afefeef1f0 “In 2014, an international team of biologists estimated that, in the past 35 years, the abundance of invertebrates such as beetles and bees had decreased by 45 percent. In places where long-term insect data are available, mainly in Europe, insect numbers are plummeting. A study last year showed a 76 percent decrease in flying insects in the past few decades in German nature preserves.”

Housing

Housing costs: How we measure them and why: https://blog.ons.gov.uk/2018/10/15/housing-costs-how-we-measure-them-and-why/ “The various housing costs people face have been a hot topic for a number of years. Here Chris Jenkins looks at the various sorts of costs, how ONS goes about measuring them and what they show.”

TCPA - Planning for Affordable Housing: https://www.tcpa.org.uk/planning-for-affordable-housing-report “The research, funded by the Nationwide Foundation, finds that councils rely substantially on the planning system to create new affordable housing but many areas see almost none delivered through it. Councils where residents were among the lowest earners in the country said that they are being 'left behind' by the current system because high-value areas are the only ones which are able to meet developers' profit margins and therefore attract investment.”

Social Housing In Northern Ireland: Challenges And Policy Options: http://housingevidence.ac.uk/publications/social-housing-in-northern-ireland-challenges-and-policy-options/ “The paper sets out the current issues facing social housing in Northern Ireland and outlines a range of potential policy initiatives to address them. The paper provides a profile of the social housing sector in Northern Ireland (which differs to the rest of the UK) and draws on evidence from a range of sources, including government statistics and research, academic papers and more recently qualitative evidence based on discussions with a number of key players in Northern Ireland.”

retrofitting the UK’s old, cold homes to meet climate targets: http://www.sciencemediacentre.org/retrofitting-the-uks-old-cold-homes-to-meet-climate-targets/ “Energy used in our homes accounts for about 20% of UK greenhouse gas emissions, and most of that comes from heating and hot water. If we are to meet our climate goals we need to start decarbonising domestic energy.  But efficient new builds won’t be enough on their own, as 80% of the homes we will inhabit in 2050 have already been built.”

Renting rights: what England can learn from fairer systems around the world: https://theconversation.com/renting-rights-what-england-can-learn-from-fairer-systems-around-the-world-103779 “Britain is becoming a country of (reluctant) tenants. But the law does not keep the balance fairly between landlord’s interests and tenant’s rights.”

Climate change & sustainability

European Commission’s Environmental Action Plan Is Severely Lacking In Both Ambition And Resources, EESC Warns: https://meta.eeb.org/2018/10/11/european-commissions-environmental-action-plan-is-severely-lacking-in-both-ambition-and-resources-eesc-warns/ “The European Commission’s action plan shows a serious lack of ambition and resources to tackle the poor implementation of European environmental law, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) has said in a recent opinion.”

From Bill Gates - Can you beat my score on this climate change quiz? https://www.gatesnotes.com/Energy/Climate-change-quiz?WT.mc_id=10_17_2018_06_EnergyClimateChangePlanQuiz_BG-EM_&WT.tsrc=BGEM “I’ve learned a lot about where emissions come from since the launch of the Breakthrough Energy Coalition two years ago—and a lot of what I’ve learned has surprised me. I asked my team to put together this short quiz to test my knowledge, and then I took it (I knew three answers for sure but had to guess on two). Now it’s your turn. Can you beat my score?” – I got 3 out of 5.

Q&A: How ‘integrated assessment models’ are used to study climate change: https://www.carbonbrief.org/qa-how-integrated-assessment-models-are-used-to-study-climate-change “...scientists and economists have developed a suite of tools known as “integrated assessment models” (IAMs). These models are used to answer central questions about climate change, from how the world could avoid 1.5C of global warming at the lowest cost, through to the implications of countries’ current pledges to cut emissions.”

How extreme weather can harm children's mental health: https://www.yaleclimateconnections.org/2018/10/extreme-weather-can-harm-kids-mental-health/ “Psychologists have found that extreme weather events put children at risk of PTSD, depression, and anxiety. So mental health impacts can linger long after the floodwaters are gone.”

Decreases in global beer supply due to extreme drought and heat: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41477-018-0263-1 “We find that these extreme events may cause substantial decreases in barley yields worldwide. Average yield losses range from 3% to 17% depending on the severity of the conditions. Decreases in the global supply of barley lead to proportionally larger decreases in barley used to make beer and ultimately result in dramatic regional decreases in beer consumption…”

Not surprisingly, this prompted a range of media coverage;

Mapped: The Mediterranean world heritage sites at risk from sea level rise: https://www.carbonbrief.org/mapped-the-mediterranean-world-heritage-sites-at-risk-from-sea-level-rise “Using data taken from the study, Carbon Brief has produced an interactive map showing the flood risk faced by 49 world heritage sites found in southern Europe and northern Africa at different levels of sea level rise.”

Cultural heritage has a lot to teach us about climate change: https://theconversation.com/cultural-heritage-has-a-lot-to-teach-us-about-climate-change-103266 “Museums, archaeological sites and historical buildings are rarely included in conversations about climate change, which tend to focus on the wider impact and global threats to our contemporary world. Yet these threats impact everything, from local cultural practices to iconic sites of outstanding universal value. In light of this, it’s worth exploring the relationship between our heritage and the changing global climate in more detail.”

Editorials: Where UK newspapers stand on climate change and energy: https://www.carbonbrief.org/editorials-where-uk-newspapers-stand-on-climate-change-and-energy “Latest update: 11/10/2018”

Revealed: How the average Briton's carbon footprint is the smallest it's been since 1859: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/business/2018/10/16/british-carbon-footprint-shrinks-smallest-since-1859/ “A decade after the UK legislated to tackle climate change the Government’s official figures have revealed that the UK is on track to rely on coal for less than 5pc of its electricity for the first time since Industrial Revolution.”

Exclusive: BBC One to show first primetime film on climate change since 2007: https://www.carbonbrief.org/exclusive-bbc-one-show-first-primetime-film-climate-change-since-2007 “Charlotte Moore, the BBC’s director of content, said in a speech last night that the new film will be called “Two Degrees”. She added: “We want it to be the definitive film on climate change. To cut through the confusion, tell audiences the facts without any other agenda, explore what a dangerous level of climate change could really mean. It will be unflinching about the potential catastrophe that’s unfolding. And offer the facts about what can still be done.” “Because, for all the uncomfortable truth, the message…is, ultimately, a positive one: we have the power to do something. We hold the future in our hands.””

Active travel & transport

HS2 Phase 2b: Crewe to Manchester, West Midlands to Leeds – including information on consultation events and further information: http://www.hs2.org.uk/building-hs2/building-the-line/phase-2b/ “We are now carrying out 2 route-wide consultations on our emerging proposals for the new railway. The consultations start on 11 October 2018 and will close at 23:45 on 21 December 2018.”

The effectiveness of a 20 mph speed limit intervention on vehicle speeds in Bristol, UK: A non-randomised stepped wedge design: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/328191462_The_effectiveness_of_a_20_mph_speed_limit_intervention_on_vehicle_speeds_in_Bristol_UK_A_non-randomised_stepped_wedge_design “The findings indicate that the sign-only 20 mph intervention was successful in lowering individual vehicle speeds. Policy makers are encouraged to implement a careful monitoring of the effects of 20 mph speed limit interventions on vehicle speeds in order to enable a meaningful evaluation of potential public health benefits. ”

Essential evidence on a page No. 174: Traffic & environmental impacts of Urban Freight Consolidation Centres (UCCs) “Top line: Research indicates that UCC have the ability to improve the efficiency of freight transport operations & thereby reduce congestion & environmental impacts of this activity.”

World’s first Global Active Cities announced: http://activewellbeing.org/2018/09/29/worlds-first-global-active-cities-announced/?j=4249282&e “The names of the world’s first Global Active Cities have been revealed today, to mark World Heart Day. The cities – Buenos Aires, Argentina; Hamburg, Germany; Lillehammer, Norway; Liverpool, UK; Ljubljana, Slovenia; and Richmond, British Columbia, Canada – have worked hard to offer all their residents the opportunity to choose active and healthy lifestyles and improve their well-being.”

How Can Housing And Planning Policy Help To Tackle Transport-Related Barriers To Work? http://housingevidence.ac.uk/how-can-housing-and-planning-policy-help-to-tackle-transport-related-barriers-to-work/ “Following the launch of the recent report from the Joseph Rowntree Foundation, guest author, Dr Richard Crisp from Sheffield Hallam University highlights the actions that need to be taken to ensure public transport enables rather than constrains people who are returning to work.”

Google Maps Will Soon Show Electric Vehicle Charging Stations: https://www.howtogeek.com/fyi/google-maps-will-soon-show-electric-vehicle-charging-stations/ “Starting today, if you need to search for an EV charging station to get all juiced up, Google Maps app will include support for keywords that’ll point you in the right direction. Simply search for keywords like “ev charging” or “EV charging stations” from the Google Maps app and the nearest supported stations will pop up.”

Air quality & pollution

Lethal but legal: Air pollution from domestic burning: https://www.ippr.org/research/publications/lethal-but-legal “The government’s recent clean air strategy highlights the wider contributors to air pollution in the UK beyond transport and provides policy measures to tackle it. The government has therefore made some welcome progress particularly in regard to emissions from domestic combustion. But, with approximately 1.9 million households still using solid fuels including wood in their homes, this report argues that the health cost is too high for policy to not go further and faster.”

Wide media coverage of the government announcing that subsidies for electric and hybrid cars will be scrapped – especially after statements made following the publication of the recent IPCC report.

How to beat air pollution? Stop burning the fields: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/oct/16/how-new-tech-is-helping-india-farmers-tackle-air-pollution-smog “Instead of contributing to smog by burning stubble, farmers are learning that waste products can be turned into profit”

Food & food security

Options for keeping the food system within environmental limits: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-018-0594-0 “We analyse several options for reducing the environmental effects of the food system, including dietary changes towards healthier, more plant-based diets, improvements in technologies and management, and reductions in food loss and waste. We find that no single measure is enough to keep these effects within all planetary boundaries simultaneously, and that a synergistic combination of measures will be needed to sufficiently mitigate the projected increase in environmental pressures.”

Voluntary policies on checkout foods and healthfulness of foods displayed at, or near, supermarket checkout areas: a cross-sectional survey: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/public-health-nutrition/article/voluntary-policies-on-checkout-foods-and-healthfulness-of-foods-displayed-at-or-near-supermarket-checkout-areas-a-crosssectional-survey/2D0C6D8350D46C9C0C4AAC02E01C6884 “Conclusions: Supermarket checkout food policies were associated with lower odds of checkout foods but not foods near, but not at, checkouts being less healthy. Further research is required to explore impacts on purchasing and consumption.”

FEAT – Food Environment Assessment Tool: http://www.cedar.iph.cam.ac.uk/feat/ “Feat uses data visualisation methods to allow user-friendly, detailed exploration of the geography of food retail access in England. Feat is underpinned by a growing body of scientific evidence that the food we can access in our neighbourhoods is closely related to which foods we buy and eat, and whether we maintain a balanced diet and healthy body weight.”

Folic acid 'to be added to flour' to reduce serious birth defects in UK: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/health/folic-acid-birth-defect-spina-bifida-supplement-vitamin-folate-a8584481.html “The UK is set to begin fortifying bread flour with folic acid in a bid to cut potentially serious birth defects which affect an estimated two children born every week, reports suggest.”

Rise of the ‘megafarms’: how UK agriculture is being sold off and consolidated: https://theconversation.com/rise-of-the-megafarms-how-uk-agriculture-is-being-sold-off-and-consolidated-104019 “There has been a rapid increase in the number of these farms in recent years – for both animals and crops. Britain’s first intensive poultry farm was approved in 2003 – and there are now more than 1,400 permits for these operations, the largest of which can “process” more than a million chickens per week. Similarly, the number of high-intensity horticulture operations is increasing, with government grants supporting efforts to produce vegetables without soil.”

Stop measuring obesity with a ruler: we’ve discovered a far better predictor of health: https://theconversation.com/stop-measuring-obesity-with-a-ruler-weve-discovered-a-far-better-predictor-of-health-104496 “A better predictor of future health can be gleaned from a drop of blood. Our latest research, published in Cell Metabolism, shows that measuring metabolites (substances involved in metabolism) in a blood sample can predict a person’s risk of becoming obese (and unhealthy) with an accuracy of 80-90%. They can also predict health outcomes, including heart disease, diabetes, kidney problems, visceral fat and biological age.”

WMHPG news, information and resources 12 October 2018

We do not accept responsibility for the availability, reliability or content of these news items and do not necessarily endorse the views expressed within them.

I attended an excellent event this week hosted by Ashden https://www.ashden.org/. Ashden support and promote sustainable energy projects from around the world and present Ashden Awards to projects internationally. Their previous winners provide a wide ranging, and extensive collection of case studies for what actually works in promoting sustainability - https://www.ashden.org/winners/awards-winners . Ashden are looking for projects to apply for their 2019 awards – an excellent opportunity to gain recognition for sustainability projects. Details are available here: https://www.ashden.org/awards/ashden-awards

Sustainable development goals

The Lancet Commission on global mental health and sustainable development: https://www.thelancet.com/commissions/global-mental-health “A decade on from the 2007 Lancet Series on global mental health, which sought to transform the way policy makers thought about global health, a Lancet Commission aims to seize the opportunity offered by the Sustainable Development

Goals to consider future directions for global mental health.”

Government launches landmark review into UK business action on SDGs: https://www.edie.net/news/11/Government-launches-landmark-review-on-how-UK-business-is-contributing-to-SDG-progress/ “The UK Government has this week launched its first voluntary review into how the nation's business community is contributing to the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).”

Income-based policies in Scotland: how would they affect health and health inequalities? https://www.scotpho.org.uk/publications/reports-and-papers/income-based-policies-in-scotland-how-would-they-affect-health-and-health-inequalities/ “The briefing paper presents the projected policy impacts on premature mortality (death under 75 years) in Scotland after five years. The effects of a wider range of income-based policies on health and health inequalities can be modelled for different geographies, health outcomes and time periods using the interactive spreadsheet tool. The supplementary information provides more detailed information on the methods.”

Too Little, Too Much: How Poverty and Wealth Affect Our Minds: https://www.npr.org/2018/10/04/651468312/too-little-too-much-how-poverty-and-wealth-affect-our-minds?t=1539207420675 “Have you ever noticed that when something important is missing in your life, your brain can only seem to focus on that missing thing? Two researchers have dubbed this phenomenon scarcity, and they compare it to tunnel vision, blinding you to the big picture. When you're hungry, it can be hard to think of anything other than food. When you're desperately poor, you may constantly worry about making ends meet. When you're lonely, you might obsess about making friends. Today we'll explore why, when you're in a hole, you sometimes dig yourself even deeper.”

Healthy planning & environment

Cities for global health: https://www.bmj.com/content/363/bmj.k3794 “In the first of a new series of articles on the role of cities in health, Majid Ezzati and colleagues call for greater action to reduce health inequalities within cities”

Mapped: Where ‘afforestation’ is taking place around the world: https://www.carbonbrief.org/mapped-where-afforestation-is-taking-place-around-the-world

Fracking has been receiving more media coverage this week.

Housing

The End Of Council Borrowing Caps? http://housingevidence.ac.uk/the-end-of-council-borrowing-caps/ “In her speech to the Conservative party conference, the Prime Minister announced a plan to finally scrap the English council borrowing cap. The cap was an arbitrary limit on council borrowing specifically for council housing (it did not apply to other seemingly higher-risk financing projects for e.g. commercial property)… Only now are they, apparently, willing to countenance ending the thing altogether (though there may still be inter-departmental battles to come).”

Shoebox Britain: how shrinking homes are affecting our health and happiness: https://www.theguardian.com/money/2018/oct/10/shrinking-homes-affect-health-shoebox-britain “The slicing and dicing of housing is redefining the idea of home. Those forced to live in ever smaller spaces describe how this changes their lives”

Welfare Reform And Access To Social Housing: http://housingevidence.ac.uk/welfare-reform-and-access-to-social-housing/ “In a speech last month, the Prime Minister promised to “help more people on to the housing ladder – and ensure that those who cannot afford to own their own home also have a decent place to live“. This renewed focus on access to decent housing for renters is a welcome development. Unfortunately policies intended to provide decent housing for renters often conflict with welfare reforms.”

St Mungo’s has launched a long-term housing campaign for the homeless: https://www.bigissue.com/latest/st-mungos-has-launched-a-long-term-housing-campaign-for-the-homeless/ “Homeless charity St Mungo's has written an open letter to the government asking for long-term housing and support for homeless people trying to rebuild their lives”

Climate change & sustainability

With the publication of the latest IPCC report, this weeks update will focus on the content and coverage of this report. I have tried to capture a representative sample of the analysis and coverage.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change – Global Warming of 1.5C: http://www.ipcc.ch/report/sr15/ “an IPCC special report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty.”

Analysis of the report;

UK media coverage

Media coverage from around the world

And in other news…

Public acceptance of resource-efficiency strategies to mitigate climate change: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41558-018-0298-3 “Here, using consumption-based emissions modelling and deliberative public workshops, we find considerable public support for a range of resource-efficiency strategies that combined could reduce the carbon footprint in the United Kingdom…”

Economists who changed thinking on climate change win Nobel Prize: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-06755-w “Two US economists, William Nordhaus and Paul Romer, share the 2018 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for integrating climate change and technological change into macroeconomics, which deals with the behaviour of an economy as a whole.”

Climate and Health: The Heart of the Health Policy Nexus: https://www.globalhealthnow.org/2018-10/climate-and-health-heart-health-policy-nexus “The new Lancet Commission, launched last month, embodies this approach, examining the synergies between universal health coverage, health security, and health promotion. These 3 parallel global health policy agendas reflect the sector’s diverse problems, fragmentation, and even competition for attention and resources.”

Court orders Dutch government to do more against climate change: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-netherlands-climatechange/court-orders-dutch-government-to-do-more-against-climate-change-idUSKCN1MJ0SH “A Dutch appeals court on Tuesday ordered the government to cut greenhouse gas emissions faster than planned, to ensure they are at least 25 percent below 1990 levels by the end of 2020.”

Active travel & transport

Electric car prices to soar as axe falls on green subsidies: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/oct/07/electric-car-prices-to-soar-low-emission-vehicles--subsidies-philip-hammond-budget “Thousands of pounds will be added to the price of some electric and hybrid vehicles as one of the government’s main green initiatives falls victim to cuts, the Observer can reveal.”

£20 million for the West Midlands to develop alternatives to owning a car: https://www.birminghammail.co.uk/news/midlands-news/20-million-west-midlands-develop-15220195 “The cash was announced by the region’s mayor, Andy Street, as he spoke at the Conservative conference in Birmingham’s ICC. Experts believe people will be less likely to own a car in the future. Instead, they will be more likely to join car-sharing schemes or to hire cars om a short term basis, in a similar way to the cycle-hire schemes currently operating in the West Midlands and London. The cash was announced by the region’s mayor, Andy Street, as he spoke at the Conservative conference in Birmingham’s ICC.”

Denmark embraces electric car revolution with petrol and diesel ban plan: https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-denmark-autos/denmark-embraces-electric-car-revolution-with-petrol-and-diesel-ban-plan-idUKKCN1MC151 “Denmark has proposed a ban on the sale of new petrol and diesel cars from 2030 and hybrid from 2035, joining international efforts to promote electric-only vehicles to reduce air pollution and combat climate change.”

Experts believe people will be less likely to own a car in the future. Instead, they will be more likely to join car-sharing schemes or to hire cars om a short term basis, in a similar way to the cycle-hire schemes currently operating in the West Midlands and London.

Increasing the speed limit won’t get traffic moving faster: https://theconversation.com/increasing-the-speed-limit-wont-get-traffic-moving-faster-104365 “The UK should raise its motorway speed limit for cars and vans to 80mph as a way of increasing national productivity, a government minister recently suggested. It’s a perennial political idea that has already been proposed and then ruled out by the government at least once in the past decade.”

Air quality & pollution

Association between ambient air pollution and daily hospital admissions for ischemic stroke: A nationwide time-series analysis: https://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1002668 “As the first national study in China to systematically examine the associations between short-term exposure to ambient air pollution and ischemic stroke, our findings indicate that transient increase in air pollution levels may increase the risk of ischemic stroke, which may have significant public health implications for the reduction of ischemic stroke burden in China.”

Air pollution linked to greater risk of mouth cancer, finds study: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/oct/09/air-pollution-linked-to-greater-risk-of-mouth-cancer-finds-study “Writing in the Journal of Investigative Medicine, researchers in Taiwan describe how they discovered the association by looking at air pollution data from 66 air quality monitoring stations around the country collected in 2009, and combing this with data from the health records of more than 480,000 men aged 40 and over from 2012/13.”

Five Things We Learnt When 20,000 Belgians Became Air Pollution Scientists: https://meta.eeb.org/2018/10/04/five-things-we-learnt-when-20000-belgians-became-air-pollution-scientists/ “The biggest ever citizens’ investigation into air pollution has produced some interesting results about air quality in Europe. Here, META brings you five things we’ve learnt from this groundbreaking project which we first reported about back in May.”

Climate action could prevent one million air pollution-related deaths: https://www.unenvironment.org/news-and-stories/story/climate-action-could-prevent-one-million-air-pollution-related-deaths “New research from C40 Cities, the Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy and the New Climate Institute shows that climate action, such as doubling bus network coverage and frequency in cities, could prevent the premature deaths of over one million people per year from air pollution and traffic accidents.”

New pollution plan reveals toxic air in England worse than feared: https://www.clientearth.org/new-pollution-plan-reveals-toxic-air-in-england-worse-than-feared/ “A new government air pollution plan, which was ordered by the High Court earlier this year, has revealed air pollution to be much worse than previously feared. ClientEarth, which brought the successful legal case against the government said the shocking revelation showed how the ministers’ plan to pass the buck to local authorities had failed.”

Gas stations vent far more toxic fumes than previously thought: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/10/181004110021.htm “A study examined the release of vapors from gas station vent pipes, finding emissions were 10 times higher than estimates used in setback regulations used to determine how close schools, playgrounds, and parks can be situated to the facilities.”

Plastic-fighting bubbles and AI-powered bins: The best green innovations of the week: https://www.edie.net/news/16/Plastic-fighting--bubbles--and-bins-powered-by-AI-green-innovations-/?adfesuccess=1 “A number of eye-catching and potentially transformational innovations have emerged that could help businesses and nations accelerate the transition to a low-carbon, resource-efficient economy. Here, edie rounds-up six of the best.”

Food & food security

Effectiveness of the Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP) to prevent obesity in UK primary-school children: a cluster randomised controlled trial: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanchi/article/PIIS2352-4642(17)30151-7/fulltext#.W7i9V4sQNP0.twitter “Despite a theoretically informed and extensively piloted intervention that achieved high levels of engagement, follow-up, and fidelity of delivery, we found no effect of the intervention on preventing overweight or obesity. Although schools are an ideal setting in which to deliver population-based interventions, school-based interventions might not be sufficiently intense to affect both the school and the family environment, and hence the weight status of children. Future research should focus on more upstream determinants of obesity and use whole-systems approaches.”

Obesity and Healthy Weight Nutrition article collection and Call for Papers: https://www.elsevier.com/health/journals/obesity-and-healthy-weight-nutrition-article-collection-and-call-for-papers “Elsevier and the editors of the following journals would like to make these specially selected articles on Obesity and Healthy Weight Nutrition available free through December 15, 2018.”

Universal Credit and Foodbanks: https://www.trusselltrust.org/what-we-do/research-advocacy/universal-credit-and-foodbank-use/ “Universal Credit is not the only benefit people at foodbanks are experiencing issues with, but it is a significant factor in many areas. Analysis of foodbanks that have been in full UC rollout areas for a year or more shows that these projects experienced an average increase of 52% in the twelve months after the full rollout date in their area. Comparative analysis of random samples of foodbanks taken from 247 projects either not in full UC areas, or only in full rollout areas for up to three months, showed an average increase of 13%.”

Revealed: the millionaires hoarding UK fishing rights: https://unearthed.greenpeace.org/2018/10/11/fishing-quota-uk-defra-michael-gove/ “A painstaking five-month long investigation shows that a small group of wealthy families control huge swathes of the country’s fishing quota”

Food in the time of climate change: https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/376309-food-in-the-time-of-climate-change “Climate change is no more an abstract notion, but something whose effects are becoming more evident day by day. Climate change is threatening food security and we will struggle to meet the requirements of food consumption sustainably.”

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